Peter III of Russia

About Peter III of Russia

Who is it?: Emperor of Russia
Birth Day: February 21, 1728
Birth Place: Kiel, Russian
Reign: 5 January 1762 – 9 July 1762
Predecessor: Elizabeth
Successor: Catherine II
Burial: Peter and Paul Cathedral
Consort: Princess Sophie of Anhalt-Zerbst
Issue: Paul I of Russia
House: Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov
Father: Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
Mother: Anna Petrovna of Russia
Religion: Russian Orthodoxy

Peter III of Russia

Peter III of Russia was born on February 21, 1728 in Kiel, Russian, is Emperor of Russia. Peter III was the Emperor of Russia who served for merely six months, before he was deposed in 1762. Born to Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp and Anna Petrovna, he was the only child of the couple. He was the grandson of two Emperors, Peter the Great of Russia and Charles XII of Sweden. Upon the death of his parents, Peter was groomed to take up the Swedish throne in future. However, destiny had other plans for him. At the age of 14, he was taken to Russia by his aunt who pronounced him as her successor. Peter’s pro-Prussian policies and lack of Russian language made him unpopular amongst his subjects who tagged him as a betrayer for signing of the peace treaty. His personality and policies did not go well with the aristocrats and nobility who feared his modernized ways and techniques. It was due to his unpopularity that he was deposed from the seat of the Emperor. Astonishingly, it was his wife, Catherine who was the mastermind behind the conspiracy to depose him. It is rumoured that she not just conspired his dethronement but his assassination as well
Peter III of Russia is a member of Historical Personalities

Does Peter III of Russia Dead or Alive?

As per our current Database, Peter III of Russia has been died on 17 July 1762(1762-07-17) (aged 34)\nRopsha, Russian Empire.

🎂 Peter III of Russia - Age, Bio, Faces and Birthday

When Peter III of Russia die, Peter III of Russia was 34 years old.

Popular As Peter III of Russia
Occupation Historical Personalities
Age 34 years old
Zodiac Sign Pisces
Born February 21, 1728 (Kiel, Russian)
Birthday February 21
Town/City Kiel, Russian
Nationality Russian

🌙 Zodiac

Peter III of Russia’s zodiac sign is Pisces. According to astrologers, Pisces are very friendly, so they often find themselves in a company of very different people. Pisces are selfless, they are always willing to help others, without hoping to get anything back. Pisces is a Water sign and as such this zodiac sign is characterized by empathy and expressed emotional capacity.

🌙 Chinese Zodiac Signs

Peter III of Russia was born in the Year of the Monkey. Those born under the Chinese Zodiac sign of the Monkey thrive on having fun. They’re energetic, upbeat, and good at listening but lack self-control. They like being active and stimulated and enjoy pleasing self before pleasing others. They’re heart-breakers, not good at long-term relationships, morals are weak. Compatible with Rat or Dragon.

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Famous Quotes:

Nature had made him mean, the smallpox had made him hideous, and his degraded habits made him loathsome. And Peter had all the sentiments of the worst kind of small German prince of the time. He had the conviction that his princeship entitled him to disregard decency and the feelings of others. He planned brutal practical jokes, in which blows had always a share. His most manly taste did not rise above the kind of military interest which has been defined as "corporal's mania," the passion for uniforms, pipeclay, buttons, the "tricks of parade and the froth of discipline." He detested the Russians, and surrounded himself with Holsteiners.



Peter was born in Kiel, in the duchy of Holstein-Gottorp. His parents were Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp (a nephew of Charles XII of Sweden), and Anna Petrovna (a daughter of Emperor Peter I and Empress Catherine I of Russia). His mother died three months after his birth. In 1739, Peter's father died, and he became Duke of Holstein-Gottorp as Charles Peter Ulrich (German: Karl Peter Ulrich) at the age of 11.


When Elizabeth, his mother's younger sister, became Empress of Russia, she brought Peter from Germany to Russia and proclaimed him her heir presumptive in the autumn of 1742. Previously in 1742, the 14-year-old Peter was proclaimed King of Finland during the Russo-Swedish War (1741–1743), when Russian troops held Finland. This proclamation was based on his succession rights to territories held by his childless great-uncle, the late Charles XII of Sweden, who also had been Grand Duke of Finland. About the same time, in October 1742, he was chosen by the Swedish parliament to become heir presumptive to the Swedish throne. However, the Swedish parliament was unaware of the fact that he had also been proclaimed heir presumptive to the throne of Russia, and when their envoy arrived in Saint Petersburg in November, it was too late. It has been reported that the succession rights to Sweden of the underage Peter were renounced on his behalf. Also in November, Karl Peter Ulrich converted to Eastern Orthodoxy under the name of Peter Fedorovich.


Empress Elizabeth arranged for Peter to marry his second cousin, Sophia Augusta Frederica (later Catherine the Great), daughter of Christian August, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst and Johanna Elisabeth of Holstein-Gottorp. The young Princess formally converted to Russian Orthodoxy and took the name Ekaterina Alexeievna (i.e., Catherine). They married on 21 August 1745. The marriage was not a happy one but produced one son, the Future Emperor Paul, and one daughter, Anna Petrovna (20 December 1757 – 19 March 1759). Catherine later claimed that Paul was not fathered by Peter: that, in fact, they had never consummated the marriage. During the sixteen years of their residence in Oranienbaum, Catherine took numerous lovers, while her husband did the same in the beginning.


One of his most popular reforms was the manifesto of February 1762 that exempted the nobility from obligatory state and military Service (established by Peter the Great) and gave them freedom to travel abroad. On the day Peter submitted this manifesto, the parliament proposed building a pure gold statue of him, but Peter refused, saying that there must be much better uses for gold in the country.


After his death, four fake Peters (five if Šćepan Mali of Montenegro is included) came forth, supported by revolts among the people, who believed in a rumor that Peter had not died but had been secretly imprisoned by Catherine. The most famous was the Cossack Yemelyan Pugachev, who led what came to be known as Pugachev's Rebellion in 1774, which was ultimately crushed by Catherine's forces. In addition, Kondratii Selivanov, who led a castrating sect known as the Skoptsy, claimed to be both Jesus and Peter III.


In December 1796, after succeeding Catherine, Peter's son and Emperor Paul, who disliked his mother's behaviour, arranged for Peter's remains to be exhumed and reburied with full honors in the Peter and Paul Cathedral, where other tsars were buried.


The classical view of Peter's character is mainly drawn out of the memoirs of his wife and successor. She described him as an "idiot", "drunkard from Holstein", "good-for-nothing", etc. This portrait of Peter can be found in most history books, including 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica:


Peter has been depicted on screen a number of times, almost always in films concerning his wife Catherine. He was portrayed by Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. in the 1934 film The Rise of Catherine the Great and by Sam Jaffe in The Scarlet Empress the same year. In 1991 Reece Dinsdale portrayed him in the television series Young Catherine. La Tempesta (1958) depicts Yemelyan Pugachev's effort to force his recognition as Peter III and offers a critical view of Catherine the Great, with Van Heflin in the role of Pugachev and Viveca Lindfors as Catherine. He was also depicted as a cowardly, drunken, wife beater in the Japanese anime Le Chevalier D'Eon. He also appears in the 2014 TV series played by Aleksander Yatsenko.


The legend of Peter is still talked about, especially in the town where he lived most of his life, former Oranienbaum, later Lomonosov, situated on the southern coast of the Gulf of Finland, 40 km west of St. Petersburg. Peter's palace is the only one of the famous palaces in the St. Petersburg area that was not captured by the Germans during Second World War. During the war, the building was a school and people say the ghost of Peter protected the children of Oranienbaum from getting hurt by bombs. Furthermore, it was near this town that the siege of Leningrad ended in January 1944. People say that Peter, after his death, stopped Hitler's army near Leningrad, just as the living Peter had stopped the Russian army near Berlin.


During his 186-day period of government, Peter III passed 220 new laws that he had developed and elaborated during his life as a crown Prince. Elena Palmer claims that his reforms were of a democratic nature. He proclaimed religious freedom — in those times a revolutionary step, that not even the advanced Western Europe had taken. He fought corruption within government, established public litigation and abolished the secret police — a repressive organ started under Peter I – and intended to expose it as betrayer of the state for its mercilessness and torture methods. Catherine recreated this institution, and it remained present in Russia thereon. Peter established obligatory education for aristocrats; all aristocrats had to provide their children with education and report it to the senate. Furthermore, in some cities technical schools were established for middle and lower class children. Peter began the reorganization and modernization of the Russian army.


The German Historian Elena Palmer goes even further, portraying Peter III as a cultured, open-minded Emperor who tried to introduce various courageous, even democratic reforms in the 18th century's Russia. A monument for Peter III stands in Kiel (North Germany), the city of his birth.

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