James Parkinson

About James Parkinson

Who is it?: Surgeon
Birth Day: April 11, 1755
Birth Place: Shoreditch, British
Cause of death: Stroke
Resting place: St Leonard's Church, Shoreditch
Residence: 1 Hoxton Square, Shoreditch
Alma mater: The London Hospital
Occupation: Surgeon
Known for: First description of Parkinson's disease
Notable work: The Shaking Palsy, 1817
Spouse(s): Mary Dale
Children: 8
Parents: John Parkinson (father) Mary (mother)

James Parkinson

James Parkinson was born on April 11, 1755 in Shoreditch, British, is Surgeon. James Parkinson was an English surgeon who described the disease "paralysis agitans", a condition that would later become known as Parkinson's Disease. Best known for his work, ‘An Essay on the Shaking Palsy’, in which he identified the medical condition shaking palsy as a disease of the central nervous system; he systematically described six individuals with symptoms of the disease in the essay. Born as the son of an apothecary and surgeon, he decided to follow in his father’s footsteps early on in childhood. He possessed an inherent interest in medical science and was also genuinely concerned about the well-being of fellow human beings. Intelligent and hard working, he was easily accepted into the London Hospital Medical College and went on to further his education from the Royal College of Surgeons. He initially started out as an apprentice in his father's practice and eventually took over the practice after his father’s death. Even as a young medical practitioner he became interested in mental illnesses and was much influenced by the works of John Hunter, a researcher with interests in biology, pathology and medical science. In addition to being a surgeon he was also a geologist, palaeontologist, and political activist who championed many causes. World Parkinson's Day is held each year on his birthday, 11 April
James Parkinson is a member of Surgeons

Does James Parkinson Dead or Alive?

As per our current Database, James Parkinson has been died on 21 December 1824(1824-12-21) (aged 69)\nShoreditch, London, England.

🎂 James Parkinson - Age, Bio, Faces and Birthday

When James Parkinson die, James Parkinson was 69 years old.

Popular As James Parkinson
Occupation Surgeons
Age 69 years old
Zodiac Sign Taurus
Born April 11, 1755 (Shoreditch, British)
Birthday April 11
Town/City Shoreditch, British
Nationality British

🌙 Zodiac

James Parkinson’s zodiac sign is Taurus. According to astrologers, Taurus is practical and well-grounded, the sign harvests the fruits of labor. They feel the need to always be surrounded by love and beauty, turned to the material world, hedonism, and physical pleasures. People born with their Sun in Taurus are sensual and tactile, considering touch and taste the most important of all senses. Stable and conservative, this is one of the most reliable signs of the zodiac, ready to endure and stick to their choices until they reach the point of personal satisfaction.

🌙 Chinese Zodiac Signs

James Parkinson was born in the Year of the Pig. Those born under the Chinese Zodiac sign of the Pig are extremely nice, good-mannered and tasteful. They’re perfectionists who enjoy finer things but are not perceived as snobs. They enjoy helping others and are good companions until someone close crosses them, then look out! They’re intelligent, always seeking more knowledge, and exclusive. Compatible with Rabbit or Goat.

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On 21 May 1783, he married Mary Dale, with whom he subsequently had eight children; two did not survive past childhood. Soon after he was married, Parkinson succeeded his Father in his practice in 1 Hoxton Square. He believed that any worthwhile surgeon should know shorthand, at which he was adept.


James Parkinson was born in Shoreditch, London, England. He was the son of John Parkinson, an apothecary and surgeon practising in Hoxton Square in London. He was the oldest of five siblings, who included his brother william and his sister Mary Sedgwick. In 1784 Parkinson was approved by the City of London Corporation as a surgeon.


Parkinson called for representation of the people in the House of Commons, the institution of annual parliaments, and universal suffrage. He was a member of several secret political societies, including the London Corresponding Society and the Society for Constitutional Information. In 1794 his membership in the organisation led to his being examined under oath before William Pitt and the Privy Council to give evidence about a trumped-up plot to assassinate King George III. He refused to testify regarding his part in the Popgun Plot, until he was certain he would not be forced to incriminate himself. The plan was to use a poisoned dart fired from a pop-gun to bring the king's reign to a premature conclusion. No charges were ever brought against Parkinson but several of his friends languished in prison for many months before being acquitted.


Parkinson turned away from his tumultuous political career, and between 1799 and 1807 published several medical works, including a work on gout in 1805. He was also responsible for early writings on ruptured appendix.


In 1804, the first volume of his Organic Remains of a Former World was published. Gideon Mantell praised it as "the first attempt to give a familiar and scientific account of fossils". A second volume was published in 1808, and a third in 1811. Parkinson illustrated each volume and his daughter Emma coloured some of the plates. The plates were later re-used by Gideon Mantell. In 1822 Parkinson published the shorter "Outlines of Oryctology: an Introduction to the Study of Fossil Organic Remains, especially of those found in British Strata".


Parkinson also contributed several papers to william Nicholson's "A Journal of Natural Philosophy, Chemistry and the Arts", and in the first, second, and fifth volumes of the "Geological Society's Transactions". He wrote a single volume 'Outlines of Oryctology' in 1822, a more popular work. On 13 November 1807, Parkinson and other distinguished gentlemen met at the Freemasons' Tavern in London. The gathering included such great names as Sir Humphry Davy, Arthur Aikin and George Bellas Greenough. This was to be the first meeting of the Geological Society of London.


In 1812 Parkinson assisted his son with the first described case of appendicitis in English, and the first instance in which perforation was shown to be the cause of death.


He died on 21 December 1824 after a stroke that interfered with his speech, bequeathing his houses in Langthorne to his sons and wife and his apothecary's shop to his son, John. His collection of organic remains was given to his wife and much of it went on to be sold in 1827, a catalogue of the sale has never been found. He was buried at St. Leonard's Church, Shoreditch.

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