Alauddin Khilji

About Alauddin Khilji

Who is it?: Ruler
Birth Year: 1266
Birth Place: Qalat, Zabul Province, Indian
Reign: 19 July 1296–4 January 1316
Coronation: 21 October 1296
Predecessor: Malik Chajju
Successor: ʿAlāʾ ul-Mulk
Tenure: c. 1290–1291
Burial: Tomb of Alauddin Khalji, Delhi
Spouse: Malika-i-Jahan (daughter of Jalaluddin) Mahru (sister of Alp Khan) Kamaladevi (ex-wife of Karna) Jhatyapali (daughter of Ramachandra)
Issue: Khizr Khan Shadi Khan Qutb ud din Mubarak Shah Shihab-ud-din Omar
Regnal name: Regnal name Alauddunya wad Din Muhammad Shah-us Sultan Alauddunya wad Din Muhammad Shah-us Sultan
House: Khalji
Father: Shihabuddin Mas'ud
Religion: Sunni Islam

Alauddin Khilji

Alauddin Khilji was born on 1266 in Qalat, Zabul Province, Indian, is Ruler. Alauddin Khilji was the second ruler and probably the most powerful monarch of the Khilji Dynasty. After conquering the throne by killing his uncle and predecessor, Jalaluddin Firuz Khilji, he continued his legacy of invading states and territories to increase his empire over the Indian subcontinent. He was the first Muslim ruler to successfully defeat and conquer southern parts of India. His passion for conquest helped him achieve success at wars, thereby expanding his influence to South India as well. In this endeavor of expansion, he was well supported by his loyal generals, especially Malik Kafur and Khusraw Khan. He ensured that he completely ousted the reigning kings and administered absolute power while invading the northern states. In south India, he used to loot the states and also extracted payment of annual taxes from the overthrown rulers. Besides his expeditions of raiding and conquering, he was engaged in defending the Delhi Sultanate from continuous Mongol invasions. Healso acquired the Koh-i-noor, one of the largest known diamonds in human history, while invading the Kakatiya rulers of Warangal. He also introduced some agrarian as well as market reforms which produced mixed results
Alauddin Khilji is a member of Historical Personalities

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Famous Quotes:

Alauddin Khalji's taxation system was probably the one institution from his reign that lasted the longest, surviving indeed into the nineteenth or even the twentieth century. From now on, the land tax (kharaj or mal) became the principal form in which the peasant's surplus was expropriated by the ruling class.

— The Cambridge Economic History of India: c.1200-c.1750,



Alauddin maintained a large standing army, which included 475,000 horseman according to the 16th-century chronicler Firishta. He managed to raise such a large army by paying relatively low salaries to his Soldiers, and introduced market price controls to ensure that the low salaries were acceptable to his Soldiers. Although he was opposed to grant lands to his generals and Soldiers, he generously rewarded them after successful campaigns, especially those in Deccan.


Although Islam bans alcoholic drinks, drinking was Common among the Muslim royals and nobles of the Delhi Sultanate in the 13th century, and Alauddin himself was a heavy drinker. As part of his measures to prevent rebellions, Alauddin imposed prohibition, because he believed that the rampant use of alcoholic drinks enabled people to assemble, lose their senses and think of rebellion. According to Isami, Alauddin banned alcohol, after a noble condemned him for merrymaking when his subjects were suffering from a famine. However, this account appears to be hearsay.


At times, he exploited Muslim fanaticism against Hindu chiefs and the treatment of the zimmis. Persian Historian Wassaf states that he sent an expedition against Gujarat as a holy war and it was not motivated by "lust of conquest". The masnavi Deval Devi—Khizr Khan by Amir Khusrau states that Gujarat was only annexed in the second invasion which took place seven years after the first one, implying the first was merely a plundering raid. At Khambhat, it is said that the citizens were caught by surprise. The Muslims began to kill and slaughter, on the right and on the left, unmercifully and blood flowed in torrents." Wassaf states that "The Muhammadan forces began to kill and slaughter on the right and on the left unmercifully, throughout the impure land, for the sake of Islam, and blood flowed in torrents."

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