William Wallace

About William Wallace

Who is it?: Patriot, Revolutionary Fighter, Knight, De facto Ruler of Scotland
Birth Year: 1270
Birth Place: Elderslie, Scottish
Preceded by: John Balliol (as King of the Scots)
Succeeded by: Robert the Bruce John III Comyn
Cause of death: Hanged, drawn and quartered
Resting place: London, England, in unmarked grave
Relations: Alan Wallace (father)
Children: None recorded
Occupation: Military leader
Allegiance: Kingdom of Scotland
Years of service: 1297–1305
Rank: Commander
Battles/wars: First War of Scottish Independence: Action at Lanark Battle of Stirling Bridge Battle of Falkirk

William Wallace

William Wallace was born on 1270 in Elderslie, Scottish, is Patriot, Revolutionary Fighter, Knight, De facto Ruler of Scotland. William Wallace was a Scottish knight who was a central figure in the Wars of Scottish Independence. Regarded as one of Scotland’s greatest national heroes, he led the Scottish resistance forces during the early years of Scotland’s struggle for independence from English rule. Wallace grew up during the reign of King Alexander III of Scotland which was marked by peace and economic stability. But, chaos regarding the inheritance of the throne ensued after the king’s untimely death before John Balliol was named the king. However, King Edward I of England deposed and imprisoned the Scottish king and declared himself the ruler of Scotland. The citizens started resisting the rule of the English king and William Wallace gathered a group of men and burned the Scottish town of Lanark and killed its English sheriff. He then recruited a bigger army and began attacking the English forces, emerging as one of the main leaders during the Wars of Scottish Independence. Along with Andrew Moray, Wallace defeated an English army at the Battle of Stirling Bridge in September 1297. In this battle, Wallace’s forces were greatly outnumbered by the English armies, yet he managed to achieve a resounding victory. Appointed the Guardian of Scotland, he fought the English with great valor till the very end when he was captured and executed brutally on charges of high treason.
William Wallace is a member of Revolutionaries

Some William Wallace images



Romanticism in Scotland took up Wallace after Robert Burns wrote in 1793 the ballad 'Scots Wha Hae' and Scottish nationalists commemorated him in the Wallace Monument dedicated in 1869.


In 1869 the Wallace Monument was erected, very close to the site of his victory at Stirling Bridge. The Wallace Sword, which supposedly belonged to Wallace, although some parts were made at least 160 years later, was held for many years in Dumbarton Castle and is now in the Wallace Monument.


Wallace arranged his spearmen in four schiltrons — circular, defensive hedgehog formations, probably surrounded by wooden stakes connected with ropes, to keep the infantry in formation. The English, however, employed Welsh longbowmen, who swung strategic superiority in their favour. The English proceeded to attack with cavalry and put the Scottish archers to FLIGHT. The Scottish cavalry withdrew as well, due to its inferiority to the English heavy horse. Edward's men began to attack the schiltrons, which were still able to inflict heavy casualties on the English cavalry. It remains unclear whether the infantry shooting bolts, arrows and stones at the spearmen proved the deciding factor, although it is very likely that it was the arrows of Edward's bowmen. Gaps in the schiltrons soon appeared, and the English exploited these to crush the remaining resistance. The Scots lost many men, including John de Graham. Wallace escaped, though his military reputation suffered badly.


Since his death, Wallace has obtained an iconic status far beyond his homeland. He is the protagonist of Blind Harry's 15th-century epic poem The Wallace and the subject of literary works by Sir Walter Scott and Jane Porter, and of the Academy Award-winning film Braveheart.

William Wallace trend