Lord Rayleigh

About Lord Rayleigh

Who is it?: Discoverer of Argon
Birth Day: November 12, 1842
Birth Place: Langford Grove, Maldon, Essex, England, British
Alma mater: Trinity College, Cambridge
Known for: Discovery of argon Rayleigh waves Rayleigh scattering Rayleigh criterion Rayleigh's criterion Rayleigh–Ritz method Duplex theory Sound theory Rayleigh flow Rayleigh problem Rayleigh-Plesset equation Rayleigh–Schrödinger perturbation theory Rayleigh–Taylor instability Rayleigh–Jeans law Rayleigh's equation
Awards: 1865 Smith's Prize 1882 Royal Medal 1890 De Morgan Medal 1894 Matteucci Medal 1895 Faraday Lectureship Prize 1899 Copley Medal 1904 Nobel Prize for Physics 1905 Albert Medal 1913 Elliott Cresson Medal 1914 Rumford Medal
Fields: Physics
Institutions: Trinity College, Cambridge
Academic advisors: Edward John Routh Sir George Stokes
Notable students: J. J. Thomson Jagdish Chandra Bose

Lord Rayleigh

Lord Rayleigh was born on November 12, 1842 in Langford Grove, Maldon, Essex, England, British, is Discoverer of Argon. John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, was an English physicist noted for his discovery of the Argon gas, one of the rare gases of the atmosphere. Rayleigh was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1904 for this achievement. He shared the prize with chemist William Ramsay. He is also the famous for his discovery of ‘Rayleigh scattering’ which explains why the sky is blue. He also predicted about the surface waves, a phenomenon which is now named after him: ‘Rayleigh waves’. With hi patient experiments, he established the standards of resistance, current and electromotive force. Later in his life, he focused on electric and magnetic problems. Lord Rayleigh was a brilliant instructor. He supervised a practical instruction class in experimental physics and increased its roll-strength of five or six students to an advanced school of seventy physicists. He had a great sense of literary style and every paper he wrote was precise and simple in diction. He was a member of the House of Lords, but never allowed politics to interfere with science. He enjoyed tennis, music, travelling, and photography.
Lord Rayleigh is a member of Scientists

Does Lord Rayleigh Dead or Alive?

As per our current Database, Lord Rayleigh has been died on 30 June 1919(1919-06-30) (aged 76)\nTerling Place, Witham, Essex, England.

🎂 Lord Rayleigh - Age, Bio, Faces and Birthday

When Lord Rayleigh die, Lord Rayleigh was 76 years old.

Popular As Lord Rayleigh
Occupation Scientists
Age 76 years old
Zodiac Sign Sagittarius
Born November 12, 1842 (Langford Grove, Maldon, Essex, England, British)
Birthday November 12
Town/City Langford Grove, Maldon, Essex, England, British
Nationality British

🌙 Zodiac

Lord Rayleigh’s zodiac sign is Sagittarius. According to astrologers, Sagittarius is curious and energetic, it is one of the biggest travelers among all zodiac signs. Their open mind and philosophical view motivates them to wander around the world in search of the meaning of life. Sagittarius is extrovert, optimistic and enthusiastic, and likes changes. Sagittarius-born are able to transform their thoughts into concrete actions and they will do anything to achieve their goals.

🌙 Chinese Zodiac Signs

Lord Rayleigh was born in the Year of the Tiger. Those born under the Chinese Zodiac sign of the Tiger are authoritative, self-possessed, have strong leadership qualities, are charming, ambitious, courageous, warm-hearted, highly seductive, moody, intense, and they’re ready to pounce at any time. Compatible with Horse or Dog.

Some Lord Rayleigh images

Famous Quotes:

"When I was bringing out my Scientific Papers I proposed a motto from the Psalms, "The Works of the Lord are great, sought out of all them that have pleasure therein." The Secretary to the Press suggested with many apologies that the reader might suppose that I was the Lord."



Strutt was born on 12 November 1842 at Langford Grove in Maldon, Essex. In his early years he suffered from frailty and poor health. He attended Harrow School, before going on to the University of Cambridge in 1861 where he studied mathematics at Trinity College, Cambridge. He obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree (Senior Wrangler and 1st Smith's prize) in 1865, and a Master of Arts in 1868. He was subsequently elected to a Fellowship of Trinity. He held the post until his marriage to Evelyn Balfour, daughter of James Maitland Balfour, in 1871. He had three sons with her. In 1873, on the death of his father, John Strutt, 2nd Baron Rayleigh, he inherited the Barony of Rayleigh.


Lord Rayleigh was elected Fellow of the Royal Society on 12 June 1873, and served as President of the Royal Society from 1905 to 1908. From time to time Lord Rayleigh participated in the House of Lords; however, he spoke up only if politics attempted to become involved in science. He died on 30 June 1919, in Witham, Essex. He was succeeded, as the 4th Lord Rayleigh, by his son Robert John Strutt, another well-known Physicist.


He was the second Cavendish Professor of Physics at the University of Cambridge (following James Clerk Maxwell), from 1879 to 1884. He first described dynamic soaring by seabirds in 1883, in the British journal Nature. From 1887 to 1905 he was Professor of Natural Philosophy at the Royal Institution.


Around the year 1900 Lord Rayleigh developed the duplex (combination of two) theory of human sound localisation using two binaural cues, interaural phase difference (IPD) and interaural level difference (ILD) (based on analysis of a spherical head with no external pinnae). The theory posits that we use two primary cues for sound lateralisation, using the difference in the phases of sinusoidal components of the sound and the difference in amplitude (level) between the two ears.


He received the degree of Doctor mathematicae (honoris causa) from the Royal Frederick University on 6 September 1902, when they celebrated the centennial of the birth of Mathematician Niels Henrik Abel.


He held an interest in parapsychology and was an early member of the Society for Psychical Research (SPR). He was not convinced of spiritualism but remained open to the possibility of supernatural phenomena. Lord Rayleigh was the President of the SPR in 1919. He gave a presidential address the year of his death but did not come to any definite conclusions.


The lunar crater Rayleigh as well as the Martian crater Rayleigh were named in his honour. The asteroid 22740 Rayleigh was named after him on 1 June 2007. A type of surface waves are known as Rayleigh waves. The rayl, a unit of acoustic impedance, is also named for him. Lord Rayleigh was also awarded with (in chronological order):

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