John Franklin Enders

About John Franklin Enders

Who is it?: The Father of Modern Vaccines
Birth Day: February 10, 1897
Birth Place: West Hartford, Connecticut, United States
Alma mater: Yale University Harvard University
Known for: culturing poliovirus, isolating measlesvirus, developing measles vaccine
Awards: Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research (1954) Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1954)

John Franklin Enders

John Franklin Enders was born on February 10, 1897 in West Hartford, Connecticut, United States, is The Father of Modern Vaccines. The Father of modern vaccines, John Franklin Enders was an America virologist and microbiologist who casted an important influence on the field of science through his revolutionary research and discoveries. A leader in modern virology, Enders is credited for cultivating the polio-virus in tissue cultures of human cells which led to the development of an attenuated live vaccine for polio. However, this isn’t all that Enders achieved in his career. Enders isolated the measles virus and in turn developed the measles vaccine that successfully put an end to the disease. Interestingly, upon reading the achievements, one tends to believe that Enders tryst with science started early. However, it is quite amazing to find out that Enders did not opt for science until quite late in his life. He was in fact enrolled for a literature course at Harvard when he befriended some medical students who rekindled Enders’ interest in biology and medicine. He then decided to enter as a candidate for the Ph.D. degree in bacteriology and immunology. Upon receiving his doctorate degree, Enders started his research program. In 1953, he jointly received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for culturing the poliovirus. Later in his career, he isolated measles virus and developed measles vaccine as well.
John Franklin Enders is a member of Virologists

Does John Franklin Enders Dead or Alive?

As per our current Database, John Franklin Enders has been died on September 8, 1985(1985-09-08) (aged 88)\nWaterford, Connecticut.

🎂 John Franklin Enders - Age, Bio, Faces and Birthday

When John Franklin Enders die, John Franklin Enders was 88 years old.

Popular As John Franklin Enders
Occupation Virologists
Age 88 years old
Zodiac Sign Pisces
Born February 10, 1897 (West Hartford, Connecticut, United States)
Birthday February 10
Town/City West Hartford, Connecticut, United States
Nationality United States

🌙 Zodiac

John Franklin Enders’s zodiac sign is Pisces. According to astrologers, Pisces are very friendly, so they often find themselves in a company of very different people. Pisces are selfless, they are always willing to help others, without hoping to get anything back. Pisces is a Water sign and as such this zodiac sign is characterized by empathy and expressed emotional capacity.

🌙 Chinese Zodiac Signs

John Franklin Enders was born in the Year of the Rooster. Those born under the Chinese Zodiac sign of the Rooster are practical, resourceful, observant, analytical, straightforward, trusting, honest, perfectionists, neat and conservative. Compatible with Ox or Snake.

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Enders was born in West Hartford, Connecticut. His father, John Ostrom Enders, was CEO of the Hartford National Bank and left him a fortune of $19 million upon his death. He attended the Noah Webster School in Hartford, and St. Paul's School in Concord, New Hampshire. After attending Yale University a short time, he joined the United States Army Air Corps in 1918 as a FLIGHT instructor and a lieutenant.


After returning from World War I, he graduated from Yale, where he was a member of Scroll and Key as well as Delta Kappa Epsilon. He went into real estate in 1922, and tried several careers before choosing the biomedical field with a focus on infectious diseases, gaining a Ph.D. at Harvard in 1930. He later joined the faculty at Children's Hospital Boston.


In 1949, Enders, Thomas Huckle Weller, and Frederick Chapman Robbins reported successful in vitro culture of an animal virus—poliovirus. The three received the 1954 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine "for their discovery of the ability of polioviruses to grow in cultures of various types of tissue".


Meanwhile, Jonas Salk applied the Enders-Weller-Robbins technique to produce large quantities of poliovirus, and then developed a polio vaccine in 1952. Upon the 1954 polio vaccine field trial, whose success Salk announced on the radio, Salk became a public hero but failed to credit the many other researchers that his effort rode upon, and was somewhat shunned by America's scientific establishment.


In 1954, Enders and Peebles isolated measlesvirus from an 11-year-old boy, David Edmonston. Disappointed by polio vaccine's development and involvement in some cases of polio and death—what Enders attributed to Salk's technique—Enders began development of measles vaccine. In October 1960, an Enders team began trials on 1,500 mentally retarded children in New York City and on 4,000 children in Nigeria.


On September 17, 1961, The New York Times announced the measles vaccine effective. Refusing credit for only himself, Enders stressed the collaborative nature of the effort. In 1963, Pfizer introduced a deactivated measles vaccine, and Merck & Co introduced an attenuated measles vaccine.


Enders died in 1985 in Waterford, Connecticut, aged 88, holding honorary doctoral degrees from 13 universities.

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