Emil Constantinescu

About Emil Constantinescu

Who is it?: Former President of Romania
Birth Day: November 19, 1939
Birth Place: Bender, Moldova, Romanian
Prime Minister: Nicolae Văcăroiu Victor Ciorbea Gavril Dejeu (Acting) Radu Vasile Alexandru Athanasiu (Acting) Mugur Isărescu
Preceded by: Ion Iliescu
Succeeded by: Ion Iliescu
Political party: National Liberal Party (2008–present)
Other political affiliations: Romanian Communist Party (1965–1989) Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party (1990–1996) Independent (1996–2000, PNȚCD membership suspended while president) People's Action (2001–2008)
Spouse(s): Nadia Ileana Constantinescu
Children: Dragoș Norina Boru
Profession: Professor of Geology

Emil Constantinescu

Emil Constantinescu was born on November 19, 1939 in Bender, Moldova, Romanian, is Former President of Romania. Emil Constantinescu is a Romanian politician who served as the President of Romania from 1996 to 2000. He gained prominence in politics in the late 1980s following the Romanian Revolution in 1989. He became a founding member and vice president of the Civic Alliance and also served as the acting chairman of the Romanian Anti-Totalitarian Forum which was later transformed into the Romanian Democratic Convention (CDR). He became the president in 1996 after CDR won the parliamentary elections of 1996. A professor by profession, Constantinescu has a doctorate in geology and geography, and also has a degree in law. It was during the course of his highly successful academic career that he became interested in politics as he wanted to play an active role in bringing about a positive change in the nation. He joined the Romanian Communist Party (PCR) in 1965. After the fall of the communist regime, he was elected president (rector) of the University of Bucharest, and became CDR's candidate for president of Romania. He lost the 1992 elections to Ion Iliescu, a prominent figure of the Romanian Revolution. He continued to be actively involved in politics and successfully won the elections in 1996 to become the President of Romania.
Emil Constantinescu is a member of Presidents

Does Emil Constantinescu Dead or Alive?

As per our current Database, Emil Constantinescu is still alive (as per Wikipedia, Last update: May 10, 2020).

🎂 Emil Constantinescu - Age, Bio, Faces and Birthday

Currently, Emil Constantinescu is 84 years, 7 months and 1 days old. Emil Constantinescu will celebrate 85rd birthday on a Tuesday 19th of November 2024. Below we countdown to Emil Constantinescu upcoming birthday.

Popular As Emil Constantinescu
Occupation Presidents
Age 84 years old
Zodiac Sign Sagittarius
Born November 19, 1939 (Bender, Moldova, Romanian)
Birthday November 19
Town/City Bender, Moldova, Romanian
Nationality Romanian

🌙 Zodiac

Emil Constantinescu’s zodiac sign is Sagittarius. According to astrologers, Sagittarius is curious and energetic, it is one of the biggest travelers among all zodiac signs. Their open mind and philosophical view motivates them to wander around the world in search of the meaning of life. Sagittarius is extrovert, optimistic and enthusiastic, and likes changes. Sagittarius-born are able to transform their thoughts into concrete actions and they will do anything to achieve their goals.

🌙 Chinese Zodiac Signs

Emil Constantinescu was born in the Year of the Rabbit. Those born under the Chinese Zodiac sign of the Rabbit enjoy being surrounded by family and friends. They’re popular, compassionate, sincere, and they like to avoid conflict and are sometimes seen as pushovers. Rabbits enjoy home and entertaining at home. Compatible with Goat or Pig.

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Constantinescu was born in Tighina in 1939, where his parents were temporarily living. He received three degrees from the University of Bucharest: in law (1960), geology (1966), and a doctorate in geology and geography (1979). He practiced law in Pitești in 1961–1962, but switched his focus to geology after deciding that a legal career would involve too many compromises.


However, along with many other intellectuals, he joined the Romanian Communist Party (PCR) in 1965, hoping to foster change from within. Named a professor of geology and geography in Bucharest the following year, he later became the department's PCR cell leader for organization and propaganda. He taught geology until 1990, when he was named pro-rector of the university. He rose to the position of rector(president) in 1992, and held it until 1996.


Constantinescu first graduated from the Faculty of Law and then the Faculty of Geology and Geophysics of the University of Bucharest, and subsequently started a career as a Geologist. He has doctorates: in Geology from the University of Bucharest and Sciences from Duke University, USA. Beginning in 1966, Constantinescu taught in the Geology Department of the University of Bucharest.


After the Romanian revolution in 1989, Constantinescu became a founding member and vice President of the Civic Alliance. He was the acting chairman of the Romanian Anti-Totalitarian Forum, the first associative structure of the opposition in Romania, which was transformed into a centre-right political and electoral alliance known as the Romanian Democratic Convention (CDR).


The same year he was elected rector, he became CDR's candidate for President of Romania. He lost the election to then incumbent Ion Iliescu after the second round. In 1996, he competed once again for the presidency with the support of the Romanian Democratic Convention and managed to defeat Iliescu in the second round, securing a victory by a margin of roughly 10%. CDR's success at the 1996 general elections marked the first peaceful transition of power in post-1989 Romania. On the day he took office, he suspended his CDR membership, as the Constitution precludes a President holding formal membership of a political party during his tenure.


Nonetheless, throughout his four-year term, Constantinescu struggled with the slow implementation of the processes of modernization and privatization, which were bogged down by excessive bureaucracy. After another Mineriad which took place in 1999 and ended with the arrest of Miron Cozma, the remainder of his term suffered a political crisis between the majority parties that at the time formed the governing coalition. The country was further damaged by a drought in 2000. He voiced his support for autonomy in Székely Land, stating that not giving autonomy to the historical region would someday lead to a crusade of independence in the area. Eventually, his mandate ended with little short-term progress in economic privatization, as the state still controlled 80% of the economy.


A disenchanted Emil Constantinescu, who lost popularity and had failed to fulfill his reformist agenda announced on 17 July, 2000 that he would not run for a second term.. He temporarily withdrew from political life at the end of his term in November 2000. Constantinescu's direction in foreign affairs continued however after the comeback of Ion Iliescu in 2000. Eventually, Romania joined NATO in 2004.


The former President returned to the political scene in 2002 as head of the People's Action (Acţiunea Populară) party, which subsequently merged within the National Liberal Party in 2008.


Constantinescu has occasionally criticized the policies of the 2004–2009 President, Traian Băsescu, accusing him of authoritarian tendencies, and supported Crin Antonescu in the first round of the 2009 presidential elections.


A frequent speaker at the Oslo Freedom Forum, in 2010 he presented the OFF with a presidential medal. He is also a member of the international advisory council of the Victims of Communism Memorial Foundation.

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