Charles Messier

About Charles Messier

Who is it?: Astronomer
Birth Day: June 26, 1730
Birth Place: Badonviller, French
Residence: Paris
Known for: Messier catalog
Awards: Cross of the Legion of Honor
Fields: Astronomy

Charles Messier

Charles Messier was born on June 26, 1730 in Badonviller, French, is Astronomer. Charles Messier was a noted French astronomer, who discovered the nebulae and star clusters. Beginning his career as a draftsman with a well-known Navy astronomer in Paris, he soon became a keen observer on his own. Eventually he started observing the sky from his master’s observatory, located at the top of the Hôtel de Cluny in the downtown Paris with a 100 mm refracting telescope. Thus he was able to observe the sky from the north celestial pole to a declination of about −35.7° and record all objects in that specific area. Although he had discovered many comets, he is best remembered for publishing a list of nebulae and star clusters. However, not all objects on the ‘Messier’s List’ had been discovered by him; some had been previously observed by others. Messier had compiled all of them in the list so that comet hunters could differentiate between the permanent and transient objects in the sky. The objects on the list, designated from M1 to M110, are still being used by astronomers as important references.
Charles Messier is a member of Scientists

Does Charles Messier Dead or Alive?

As per our current Database, Charles Messier has been died on 12 April 1817(1817-04-12) (aged 86)\nParis, France.

🎂 Charles Messier - Age, Bio, Faces and Birthday

When Charles Messier die, Charles Messier was 86 years old.

Popular As Charles Messier
Occupation Scientists
Age 86 years old
Zodiac Sign Cancer
Born June 26, 1730 (Badonviller, French)
Birthday June 26
Town/City Badonviller, French
Nationality French

🌙 Zodiac

Charles Messier’s zodiac sign is Cancer. According to astrologers, the sign of Cancer belongs to the element of Water, just like Scorpio and Pisces. Guided by emotion and their heart, they could have a hard time blending into the world around them. Being ruled by the Moon, phases of the lunar cycle deepen their internal mysteries and create fleeting emotional patterns that are beyond their control. As children, they don't have enough coping and defensive mechanisms for the outer world, and have to be approached with care and understanding, for that is what they give in return.

🌙 Chinese Zodiac Signs

Charles Messier was born in the Year of the Dog. Those born under the Chinese Zodiac sign of the Dog are loyal, faithful, honest, distrustful, often guilty of telling white lies, temperamental, prone to mood swings, dogmatic, and sensitive. Dogs excel in business but have trouble finding mates. Compatible with Tiger or Horse.

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Famous Quotes:

As hard as it may seem to accept, the memoir is an ingratiation to Napoleon in order to receive attention and monetary support. It is full of servility and opportunism. Messier did not even refrain from utilizing astrology to reach his goal. Messier comes quickly to the point on the first page of the memoir, by stating that the beginning of the epoch of Napoleon the Great ... coincides with the discovery of one of the greatest comets ever observed.



Messier was born in Badonviller in the Lorraine region of France, being the tenth of twelve children of Françoise B. Grandblaise and Nicolas Messier, a Court usher. Six of his brothers and sisters died while young and in 1741, his Father died. Charles' interest in astronomy was stimulated by the appearance of the Spectacular, great six-tailed comet in 1744 and by an annular solar eclipse visible from his hometown on 25 July 1748.


In 1751 he entered the employ of Joseph Nicolas Delisle, the Astronomer of the French Navy, who instructed him to keep careful records of his observations. Messier's first documented observation was that of the Mercury transit of 6 May 1753.


Near the end of his life, Messier self-published a booklet connecting the great comet of 1769 to the birth of Napoleon, who was in power at the time of publishing. According to Meyer:


In 1764, he was made a fellow of the Royal Society, in 1769, he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, and on 30 June 1770, he was elected to the French Academy of Sciences.


The final version of the catalogue was published in 1781, in the 1784 issue of Connaissance des Temps. The final list of Messier objects had grown to 103. On several occasions between 1921 and 1966, astronomers and historians discovered evidence of another seven objects that were observed either by Messier or by Méchain, shortly after the final version was published. These seven objects, M104 through M110, are accepted by astronomers as "official" Messier objects.

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