Benjamin Cardozo

About Benjamin Cardozo

Who is it?: Jurist
Birth Day: May 24, 1870
Birth Place: New York City, United States
Nominated by: Herbert Hoover
Preceded by: Bartow S. Weeks
Succeeded by: Samuel H. Ordway
Political party: Democratic
Education: Columbia University (BA, MA)

Benjamin Cardozo

Benjamin Cardozo was born on May 24, 1870 in New York City, United States, is Jurist. Benjamin Cardozo was an eminent American jurist who contributed significantly towards the development of ‘common law’ in United States. He was the second Jew to serve on the nation’s highest court and became a Supreme Court justice without a law degree. After dropping out from the law school, he joined his father's firm and entered the bar where he earned an excellent reputation. Later on he was admitted to the New York bar and became a highly successful courtroom lawyer despite his mild, reserved manner. Elected to the state Supreme Court as a reform candidate in 1913, he was elevated a few weeks after his arrival to the Court of Appeals, the highest court in New York. He stayed there until 1932, having become the chief justice in 1927, and was later appointed the Associate Justice of Supreme Court. He made some notable rulings throughout his career including the cases of ‘Palsgraf vs. Long Island Railroad’ and ‘Mac Pherson vs. Buick Motor Co.’ which placed him in the pantheon of eminent justices. A deeply private man known for his gentle, friendly demeanor and loved by his colleagues, he remained a bachelor all his life. As a jurist and a committed Jew, he brought honor to the United States and to his people, and his writings and opinions contributed greatly towards the evolution of American ‘common law’.
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Does Benjamin Cardozo Dead or Alive?

As per our current Database, Benjamin Cardozo has been died on July 9, 1938(1938-07-09) (aged 68)\nPort Chester, New York, U.S..

🎂 Benjamin Cardozo - Age, Bio, Faces and Birthday

When Benjamin Cardozo die, Benjamin Cardozo was 68 years old.

Popular As Benjamin Cardozo
Occupation Lawyers & Judges
Age 68 years old
Zodiac Sign Gemini
Born May 24, 1870 (New York City, United States)
Birthday May 24
Town/City New York City, United States
Nationality United States

🌙 Zodiac

Benjamin Cardozo’s zodiac sign is Gemini. According to astrologers, Gemini is expressive and quick-witted, it represents two different personalities in one and you will never be sure which one you will face. They are sociable, communicative and ready for fun, with a tendency to suddenly get serious, thoughtful and restless. They are fascinated with the world itself, extremely curious, with a constant feeling that there is not enough time to experience everything they want to see.

🌙 Chinese Zodiac Signs

Benjamin Cardozo was born in the Year of the Horse. Those born under the Chinese Zodiac sign of the Horse love to roam free. They’re energetic, self-reliant, money-wise, and they enjoy traveling, love and intimacy. They’re great at seducing, sharp-witted, impatient and sometimes seen as a drifter. Compatible with Dog or Tiger.

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Famous Quotes:

Polenberg describes Cardozo's lifelong devotion to his older sister Nell, with whom he lived in New York until her death in 1929. When asked why he had never married, Cardozo replied, quietly and sadly, "I never could give Nellie the second place in my life."



Albert Cardozo, Benjamin Cardozo's father, was a judge on the Supreme Court of New York (the state's general trial court) until 1868, when he was implicated in a judicial corruption scandal, sparked by the Erie Railway takeover wars. The scandal led to the creation of the Association of the Bar of the City of New York and his father's resignation from the bench. After leaving the court, he practiced law for nearly two decades more until his death in 1885. Rebecca Cardozo died in 1879 when Benjamin and Emily were young. The twins were raised during much of their childhood by their older sister Nell, who was 11 years older. One of Benjamin's tutors was Horatio Alger.


Benjamin Cardozo was a twin with his sister Emily. They had a total of four siblings, including an older sister and brother. One of many cousins was the poet Emma Lazarus; another was the preacher, Politician, and Teacher Francis Lewis Cardozo. Benjamin was named for his uncle, Benjamin Nathan, a vice President of the New York Stock Exchange and the victim of a noted famous unsolved murder case in 1870.


At age 15, Cardozo entered Columbia University where he was elected to Phi Beta Kappa, and then went on to Columbia Law School in 1889. Cardozo wanted to enter a profession that could materially aid himself and his siblings, but he also hoped to restore the family name, sullied by his father's actions as a judge. When Cardozo entered Columbia Law School, the program was only two years long; in the midst of his studies, however, the faculty voted to extend the program to three years. Cardozo declined to stay for an extra year, and thus left law school without a law degree.


Cardozo passed the bar in 1891 and began practicing appellate law alongside his older brother.


Benjamin Cardozo practiced law in New York City until year-end 1913 with Simpson, Warren and Cardozo.


In November 1913, Cardozo was narrowly elected to a 14-year term on the New York Supreme Court, taking office on January 1, 1914.


His tenure was marked by a number of original rulings, in tort and contract law in particular. This is partly due to timing; rapid industrialization was forcing courts to look anew at old Common law components to adapt to new settings. In 1921, Cardozo gave the Storrs Lectures at Yale University, which were later published as The Nature of the Judicial Process (On line version), a book that remains valuable to judges today. Shortly thereafter, Cardozo became a member of the group that founded the American Law Institute, which crafted a Restatement of the Law of Torts, Contracts, and a host of other private law subjects. He wrote three other books that also became standards in the legal world.


In February 1914, Cardozo was designated to the New York Court of Appeals under the Amendment of 1899, and was reportedly the first Jew to serve on the Court of Appeals. In January 1917, he was appointed to a regular seat on the Court of Appeals to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Samuel Seabury, and in November 1917, he was elected on the Democratic and Republican tickets to a 14-year term on the Court of Appeals. In 1926, he was elected, on both tickets again, to a 14-year term as Chief Judge. He took office on January 1, 1927, and resigned on March 7, 1932 to accept an appointment to the United States Supreme Court.


Cardozo was confirmed by a unanimous voice vote in the Senate on February 24. On a radio broadcast on March 1, 1932, the day of Cardozo's confirmation, Clarence C. Dill, Democratic Senator for Washington, called Hoover's appointment of Cardozo "the finest act of his career as President". The entire faculty of the University of Chicago Law School had urged Hoover to nominate him, as did the deans of the law schools at Harvard, Yale, and Columbia. Justice Harlan Fiske Stone strongly urged Hoover to name Cardozo, even offering to resign to make room for him if Hoover had his heart set on someone else (Stone had in fact suggested to Calvin Coolidge that he should nominate Cardozo rather than himself back in 1925). Hoover, however, originally demurred: there were already two justices from New York, and a Jew on the court; in addition, Justice James McReynolds was a notorious anti-Semite. When the chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, william E. Borah of Idaho, added his strong support for Cardozo, however, Hoover finally bowed to the pressure.


In response to this controversy, Cardozo biographer Kaufman questioned the usage of the term "Hispanic" in the justice's lifetime, stating: "Well, I think he regarded himself as a Sephardic Jew whose ancestors came from the Iberian Peninsula." It has also been asserted that Cardozo himself "confessed in 1937 that his family preserved neither the Spanish language nor Iberian cultural traditions". Ancestors had lived in English-speaking countries since the 17th century.


In late 1937, Cardozo had a heart attack, and in early 1938, he suffered a stroke. He died on July 9, 1938, at the age of 68 and was buried in Beth Olam Cemetery in Queens. His death came at a time of much transition for the court, as many of the other justices died or retired during the late 1930s and early 1940s.

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