Almeida Junior

About Almeida Junior

Who is it?: Painter
Birth Day: May 08, 1850
Birth Place: Itu, São Paulo, Brazil, Brazilian
Known for: Painting
Notable work: O Derrubador Brasileiro; Caipira Picando Fumo; A Partida da Monção; Saudade; Descanso do modelo
Movement: Realistic

Almeida Junior

Almeida Junior was born on May 08, 1850 in Itu, São Paulo, Brazil, Brazilian, is Painter. José Ferraz de Almeida Júnior, commonly referred to as Almeida Junior, was the first artist of his time to create Realistic portraits in Brazil. His works have been designated as the foundation of modern art in the nation. His paintings bear a close resemblance to the works of other Realistic artists such as Gustave Courbet and Jean Francois Millet of France. During Almeida’s time, his contemporaries were busy illustrating myth and historical events, but he chose to redirect his paintings toward rustic life. Several of his paintings canvas rustic people in their most ordinary chores, some even portraying intense feelings of longing and despair. None would have imagined that such a bounty of artistry could be hidden in a poor church bell-ringer! His portraits displayedabundant dexterity as he possessed a keen eye for perfection. Being the first in Brazil to swim against the tide, he gathered lofty admiration, with many painters imitating his work in the decades to follow. Yet his paintings have been marked for their intricate portrayal of both art and emotion, making it impossible to replicate. Brazil commemorates the everlasting work of the impactful artist on his birthday, 8May, with the celebration of ‘Fine Arts Day’ also called ‘Dia do ArtistaPlastico’.
Almeida Junior is a member of Realist Painters

Does Almeida Junior Dead or Alive?

As per our current Database, Almeida Junior has been died on November 13, 1899 (aged 49)\nPiracicaba, Brazil.

🎂 Almeida Junior - Age, Bio, Faces and Birthday

When Almeida Junior die, Almeida Junior was 49 years old.

Popular As Almeida Junior
Occupation Realist Painters
Age 49 years old
Zodiac Sign Gemini
Born May 08, 1850 (Itu, São Paulo, Brazil, Brazilian)
Birthday May 08
Town/City Itu, São Paulo, Brazil, Brazilian
Nationality Brazilian

🌙 Zodiac

Almeida Junior’s zodiac sign is Gemini. According to astrologers, Gemini is expressive and quick-witted, it represents two different personalities in one and you will never be sure which one you will face. They are sociable, communicative and ready for fun, with a tendency to suddenly get serious, thoughtful and restless. They are fascinated with the world itself, extremely curious, with a constant feeling that there is not enough time to experience everything they want to see.

🌙 Chinese Zodiac Signs

Almeida Junior was born in the Year of the Dog. Those born under the Chinese Zodiac sign of the Dog are loyal, faithful, honest, distrustful, often guilty of telling white lies, temperamental, prone to mood swings, dogmatic, and sensitive. Dogs excel in business but have trouble finding mates. Compatible with Tiger or Horse.

Some Almeida Junior images



In 1869, he enrolled at the Academia Imperial de Belas Artes, where he studied with Victor Meirelles and Pedro Américo. His simple, country speech and manners reportedly were the source of much interest and, one might suppose, amusement. After graduating, he chose not to compete for a travel award to Europe, returning instead to Itu, and setting up a studio.


He was apparently destined to see Europe, however. In 1876, during a tour of the São Paulo region, Emperor Pedro II saw Júnior's work, was impressed, and personally offered his financial support. Later that year, a Royal Decree awarded Júnior 300 Francs per month (USD $60/month) for the purpose of studying in Paris. He soon settled in Montmartre and enrolled at the École des Beaux-Arts, becoming one of the many students of Alex Andre Cabanel. While there, he participated in four of the Salons.


He remained in Paris until 1882 then, after a brief trip to Italy, returned to Brazil and exhibited the works he had created during his absence. The following year, he opened a studio in São Paulo and gave lessons. He also held exclusive art exhibitions and executed portraits of notable people, ranging from coffee barons to Republican politicians. In 1884, he held a showing at the "Exposição Geral de Belas Artes" and was made a Knight in the Order of the Rose


A year later, Victor Meirelles offered to give Júnior his position as Professor of History Painting at the Academy, but Júnior refused the offer, preferring to stay in São Paulo. From 1887 to 1896, he made three more trips to Europe. During this period, he would increasingly turn from Biblical and historical works in favor of regionalist themes, depicting the everyday life of the "caipiras" and leaving the Academic style behind while gradually approaching Naturalism. Despite these changes, his reputation at the Academy remained unchallenged and he received the Gold Medal there in 1898.

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