Robert W. Holley

About Robert W. Holley

Who is it?: Biochemist
Birth Day: January 28, 1922
Birth Place: Urbana, Illinois, United States
Alma mater: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign Cornell University
Known for: Transfer RNA
Awards: Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research (1965) NAS Award in Molecular Biology (1967) Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1968)
Fields: Biochemistry
Institutions: Salk Institute for Biological Studies

Robert W. Holley

Robert W. Holley was born on January 28, 1922 in Urbana, Illinois, United States, is Biochemist. Robert W. Holley was an American biochemist who was conferred with the 1968 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his discovery of the structure of the alanine transfer RNA, linking DNA and protein synthesis. He shared the award with two other scientists, Har Gobind Khorana and Marshall Warren Nirenberg who made equivalently noteworthy interpretation of the genetic code and its function of the protein synthesis. Holley started his career as a postdoctoral fellow at the Washington State University. During this time, he spent much of his research time on the characterization of the metabolic transformations of 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid. The work greatly differed from his subsequent work in the coming decades. Following a number of academic positions at various scientific institutions and universities, Holley finally moved to Cornell University where he indulged in the isolation, sequencing and deterring of the structure of the RNA, a work that earned him much praise, accolades and also the prestigious Nobel Prize award.
Robert W. Holley is a member of Scientists

Does Robert W. Holley Dead or Alive?

As per our current Database, Robert W. Holley has been died on February 11, 1993(1993-02-11) (aged 71)\nLos Gatos, California.

🎂 Robert W. Holley - Age, Bio, Faces and Birthday

When Robert W. Holley die, Robert W. Holley was 71 years old.

Popular As Robert W. Holley
Occupation Scientists
Age 71 years old
Zodiac Sign Aquarius
Born January 28, 1922 (Urbana, Illinois, United States)
Birthday January 28
Town/City Urbana, Illinois, United States
Nationality United States

🌙 Zodiac

Robert W. Holley’s zodiac sign is Aquarius. According to astrologers, the presence of Aries always marks the beginning of something energetic and turbulent. They are continuously looking for dynamic, speed and competition, always being the first in everything - from work to social gatherings. Thanks to its ruling planet Mars and the fact it belongs to the element of Fire (just like Leo and Sagittarius), Aries is one of the most active zodiac signs. It is in their nature to take action, sometimes before they think about it well.

🌙 Chinese Zodiac Signs

Robert W. Holley was born in the Year of the Dog. Those born under the Chinese Zodiac sign of the Dog are loyal, faithful, honest, distrustful, often guilty of telling white lies, temperamental, prone to mood swings, dogmatic, and sensitive. Dogs excel in business but have trouble finding mates. Compatible with Tiger or Horse.

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Holley was born in Urbana, Illinois, and graduated from Urbana High School in 1938. He went on to study chemistry at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, graduating in 1942 and commencing his PhD studies in organic chemistry at Cornell University. During World War II Holley spent two years working under Professor Vincent du Vigneaud at Cornell University Medical College, where he was involved in the first chemical synthesis of penicillin. Holley completed his PhD studies in 1947.


Following his graduate studies Holley remained associated with Cornell. He became an Assistant Professor of organic chemistry in 1948, and was appointed as Professor of Biochemistry in 1962. He began his research on RNA after spending a year's sabbatical (1955–1956) studying with James F. Bonner at the California Institute of Technology.


The structure was completed in 1964, and was a key discovery in explaining the synthesis of proteins from messenger RNA. It was also the first nucleotide sequence of a ribonucleic acid ever determined. Holley was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1968 for this discovery, and Har Gobind Khorana and Marshall W. Nirenberg were also awarded the prize that year for contributions to the understanding of protein synthesis.


In 1968 Holley became a resident fellow at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla, California.

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