Randal Cremer

About Randal Cremer

Who is it?: British Pacifist & Nobel Peace Prize Winner
Birth Day: March 18, 1828
Birth Place: Fareham, British
Preceded by: John Lowles
Succeeded by: John Lowles
Political party: Liberal
Awards: Nobel Peace Prize Knight of the Order of St. Olav Chevalier of the Legion of Honour

Randal Cremer

Randal Cremer was born on March 18, 1828 in Fareham, British, is British Pacifist & Nobel Peace Prize Winner. Sir William Randal Cremer was an English pacifist who was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1903. He was a member of the Liberal party in the British Parliament. He received the Nobel Prize for advocating arbitration and peaceful settlement of disputes between different nations instead of going to war against each other. Due to his ideas on international arbitration for the prevention of conflicts, he was fondly called the ‘Member of Arbitration’ by his colleagues in Parliament. His early life was very humble and full of struggle. His father had left his mother when he was just an infant. His mother was a devout Methodist and though she faced utter despondency, she somehow managed to bring up her son and two daughters until he was big enough to fend for himself. The difficult conditions of his upbringing could not suppress his indomitable spirit and he rose from the depths of extreme poverty to become a great man in his own right. During his education days, he came to hear about how a peaceful settlement could be arrived at between warring nations by bringing them to the negotiating table. This lecture planted the idea of international arbitration between conflicting nations in his mind which later became his life’s main objective.
Randal Cremer is a member of Peace Activists

Does Randal Cremer Dead or Alive?

As per our current Database, Randal Cremer has been died on 22 July 1908\nLondon, England.

🎂 Randal Cremer - Age, Bio, Faces and Birthday

When Randal Cremer die, Randal Cremer was 80 years old.

Popular As Randal Cremer
Occupation Peace Activists
Age 80 years old
Zodiac Sign Aries
Born March 18, 1828 (Fareham, British)
Birthday March 18
Town/City Fareham, British
Nationality British

🌙 Zodiac

Randal Cremer’s zodiac sign is Aries. According to astrologers, the presence of Aries always marks the beginning of something energetic and turbulent. They are continuously looking for dynamic, speed and competition, always being the first in everything - from work to social gatherings. Thanks to its ruling planet Mars and the fact it belongs to the element of Fire (just like Leo and Sagittarius), Aries is one of the most active zodiac signs. It is in their nature to take action, sometimes before they think about it well.

🌙 Chinese Zodiac Signs

Randal Cremer was born in the Year of the Rat. Those born under the Chinese Zodiac sign of the Rat are quick-witted, clever, charming, sharp and funny. They have excellent taste, are a good friend and are generous and loyal to others considered part of its pack. Motivated by money, can be greedy, is ever curious, seeks knowledge and welcomes challenges. Compatible with Dragon or Monkey.

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Moving to London 1852, Cremer became active as a union organiser, swiftly becoming a recognized labour leader. Cremer was elected as the Secretary of the International Workingmen's Association in 1865, but resigned two years later in 1867 as he felt the organisation was becoming too radical. While heavily involved in campaigning for progressive causes, and respected by Marx, Cremer did not agree with a worker led revolution.


From as early as his first unsuccessful run for Parliament in 1868, Cremer had advocated the expansion of international arbitration as peaceful alternative to war for the resolution of disputes.


He was elected as Liberal Member of Parliament (MP) for Haggerston in the Shoreditch district of Hackney from 1885 to 1895, and from 1900 until his death, from pneumonia in 1908.


Using his platform as an MP, Cremer cultivated allies on both continental Europe and across the Atlantic, including Frédéric Passy, William Jennings Bryan and Andrew Carnegie. Using his network of contacts and his talent for organisation, Cremer did much to create and expand institutions for international arbitration, which during his lifetime were successful in peacefully resolving numerous international disputes. This work includes co-founding the Inter-Parliamentary Union and the International Arbitration League; gaining acceptance for the 1897 Anglo-American arbitration treaty; and preparing the ground for the Hague peace conferences of 1899 and 1907.


In recognition of his work in the arbitration movement, Cremer won the Nobel Peace Prize, the first to do so solo, in 1903. Of the £8,000 award he donated £7,000 as an endowment for the International Arbitration League.


He also was named a Chevalier of the French Légion d'honneur, won the Norwegian Knighthood of Saint Olaf and was knighted in 1907.


Cremer died on 22 July 1908, leaving an estate of £2,241 (£1,803 net).

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