Otto Stern

About Otto Stern

Who is it?: Physicist
Birth Day: February 17, 1888
Birth Place: Żory, German
Alma mater: University of Breslau University of Frankfurt
Known for: Stern–Gerlach experiment Spin quantization Molecular beam Stern–Volmer relationship
Awards: Nobel Prize in Physics (1943)
Fields: Physics
Institutions: University of Rostock University of Hamburg Carnegie Institute of Technology University of California, Berkeley

Otto Stern

Otto Stern was born on February 17, 1888 in Żory, German, is Physicist. Otto Stern was a German born American physicist who won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1943. He was born in a prosperous Jewish family towards the end of the nineteenth century in the Kingdom of Prussia. Because of the financial affluence of his family, he did not have to look for jobs immediately after he finished his education. Instead, he worked as Privatdozent in chosen universities for a long time before landing at his first official academic post in the early 1920s. Initially he concentrated more on theoretical problems. It was only after he met great experimentalists like James Franck and Max Volmer that he began to take interest into experimental physics. Within a short period he developed molecular-beam method and discovered spin quantization with Walther Gerlach. It not only brought him fame, but also opportunity for further research work. Measurement of atomic magnetic moments, demonstration of the wave nature of atoms and molecules, and discovery of the proton's magnetic moment are few of his important works. He migrated to the USA and took up American citizenship when Hitler’s Nazi Party came to power. After working at Carnegie Mellon University for more than twelve years he finally retired and settled in California.
Otto Stern is a member of Scientists

Does Otto Stern Dead or Alive?

As per our current Database, Otto Stern has been died on 17 August 1969(1969-08-17) (aged 81)\nBerkeley, California, United States.

🎂 Otto Stern - Age, Bio, Faces and Birthday

When Otto Stern die, Otto Stern was 81 years old.

Popular As Otto Stern
Occupation Scientists
Age 81 years old
Zodiac Sign Pisces
Born February 17, 1888 (Żory, German)
Birthday February 17
Town/City Żory, German
Nationality German

🌙 Zodiac

Otto Stern’s zodiac sign is Pisces. According to astrologers, Pisces are very friendly, so they often find themselves in a company of very different people. Pisces are selfless, they are always willing to help others, without hoping to get anything back. Pisces is a Water sign and as such this zodiac sign is characterized by empathy and expressed emotional capacity.

🌙 Chinese Zodiac Signs

Otto Stern was born in the Year of the Rat. Those born under the Chinese Zodiac sign of the Rat are quick-witted, clever, charming, sharp and funny. They have excellent taste, are a good friend and are generous and loyal to others considered part of its pack. Motivated by money, can be greedy, is ever curious, seeks knowledge and welcomes challenges. Compatible with Dragon or Monkey.

Some Otto Stern images



Stern completed his studies at the University of Breslau in 1912 with a doctoral dissertation in physical chemistry under supervision of Otto Sackur on the kinetic theory of osmotic pressure in concentrated solutions. He then followed Albert Einstein to Charles University in Prague and in 1913 to ETH Zurich. Stern served in World War I doing meteorological work on the Russian front while still continuing his studies and in 1915 received his Habilitation at the University of Frankfurt. In 1921 he became a professor at the University of Rostock which he left in 1923 to become Director of the newly founded Institut für Physikalische Chemie at the University of Hamburg.


After resigning from his post at the University of Hamburg in 1933 because of the Nazis' Machtergreifung (seizure of power), he became professor of physics at the Carnegie Institute of Technology. During the 1930s, he was a visiting professor at the University of California, Berkeley.


He was awarded the 1943 Nobel Prize in Physics, the first to be awarded since 1939. He was the sole recipient in Physics that year, and the award citation omitted mention of the Stern–Gerlach experiment, as Gerlach had remained active in Nazi-led Germany.


After Stern retired from the Carnegie Institute of Technology, he moved to Berkeley, California. He was a regular visitor to the Physics colloquium at UC Berkeley. He died of a heart attack in Berkeley on 17 August 1969.


As an experimental Physicist Stern contributed to the discovery of spin quantization in the Stern–Gerlach experiment with Walther Gerlach in February 1922 at the Physikalischer Verein in Frankfurt am Main; demonstration of the wave nature of atoms and molecules; measurement of atomic magnetic moments; discovery of the proton's magnetic moment; and development of the molecular beam method which is utilized for the technique of molecular beam epitaxy.

Otto Stern trend