Nikolay Basov

About Nikolay Basov

Who is it?: Physicist
Birth Day: December 14, 1922
Birth Place: Usman, Russia, Russian
Resting place: Novodevichy Cemetery, Moscow
Alma mater: Moscow Engineering Physics Institute
Known for: Invention of lasers and masers
Awards: Nobel Prize in Physics (1964) Kalinga Prize (1986) Lomonosov Gold Medal (1989)
Fields: Physics
Institutions: Lebedev Physical Institute

Nikolay Basov

Nikolay Basov was born on December 14, 1922 in Usman, Russia, Russian, is Physicist. Nikolay Basov was a Soviet physicist and Nobel Laureate who made remarkable contribution in the field of quantum electrodynamics and optical physics. He is best remembered for his fundamental work in the field of quantum electronics, which led to the construction of oscillators and amplifiers based on the maser-laser principle. One of the founders of quantum electronics, Basov dedicated much of his career in investigating the excitation of atoms or molecules to amplify electromagnetic radiation. His partner, Aleksandr Prokhorov, studied the microwave spectroscopy of gases. The duo combined their work using a gas-filled cavity with reflectors at both ends to amplify the microwave beams. Their experiment with this molecular oscillator converted excited ammonia molecules into a molecular beam called the maser. In 1962, Basov laid out the principles of laser using a similar technique in light spectrum. It was for this revolutionary work based on maser-laser principle that he was awarded the prestigious Nobel Prize in Physics, which he shared with Aleksandr Prokhorov and Charles H Townes, who conducted similar work independently.
Nikolay Basov is a member of Scientists

Does Nikolay Basov Dead or Alive?

As per our current Database, Nikolay Basov has been died on 3 July 2001(2001-07-03) (aged 78)\nMoscow, Russia.

🎂 Nikolay Basov - Age, Bio, Faces and Birthday

When Nikolay Basov die, Nikolay Basov was 78 years old.

Popular As Nikolay Basov
Occupation Scientists
Age 78 years old
Zodiac Sign Capricorn
Born December 14, 1922 (Usman, Russia, Russian)
Birthday December 14
Town/City Usman, Russia, Russian
Nationality Russian

🌙 Zodiac

Nikolay Basov’s zodiac sign is Capricorn. According to astrologers, Capricorn is a sign that represents time and responsibility, and its representatives are traditional and often very serious by nature. These individuals possess an inner state of independence that enables significant progress both in their personal and professional lives. They are masters of self-control and have the ability to lead the way, make solid and realistic plans, and manage many people who work for them at any time. They will learn from their mistakes and get to the top based solely on their experience and expertise.

🌙 Chinese Zodiac Signs

Nikolay Basov was born in the Year of the Dog. Those born under the Chinese Zodiac sign of the Dog are loyal, faithful, honest, distrustful, often guilty of telling white lies, temperamental, prone to mood swings, dogmatic, and sensitive. Dogs excel in business but have trouble finding mates. Compatible with Tiger or Horse.

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Basov was born in the town Usman, now in Lipetsk Oblast in 1922. He finished school in 1941 in Voronezh, and was later called for military Service at Kuibyshev Military Medical Academy. In 1943 he left the academy and served in the Red Army participating in the Second World War with the 1st Ukrainian Front.


Basov graduated from Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (MEPhI) in 1950. He then held a professorship at MEPhI and also worked in the Lebedev Physical Institute (LPI), where he defended a dissertation for the Candidate of Sciences degree (equivalent to PhD) in 1953 and a dissertation for the Doctor of Sciences degree in 1956. Basov was the Director of the LPI in 1973–1988. He was elected as corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences (Russian Academy of Sciences since 1991) in 1962 and Full Member of the Academy in 1966. In 1967, he was elected a Member of the Presidium of the Academy (1967—1990), and since 1990 he was the councillor of the Presidium of the USSR Academy of Sciences. In 1971 he was elected a Member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina. He was Honorary President and Member of the International Academy of Science, Munich. He was the head of the laboratory of quantum radiophysics at the LPI until his death in 2001.


He entered politics in 1951 and became a member of parliament (the Soviet of the Union of the Supreme Soviet) in 1974. Following U.S. President Ronald Reagan's speech on SDI in 1983, Basov signed a letter along with other Soviet Scientists condemning the initiative, which was published in the New York Times. In 1985 he declared the Soviet Union was capable of matching SDI proposals made by the U.S.


Basov's contributions to the development of the laser and maser, which won him the Nobel Prize in 1964, led to new missile defense initiatives seeking to employ them.

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