Mirza Fatali Akhundov

About Mirza Fatali Akhundov

Who is it?: Writer and Philisopher
Birth Day: July 12, 1812
Birth Place: Shaki, Azerbaijan, Azerbaijani
Occupation: Playwright, philosopher

Mirza Fatali Akhundov

Mirza Fatali Akhundov was born on July 12, 1812 in Shaki, Azerbaijan, Azerbaijani, is Writer and Philisopher. Mirza Fatali Akhundov was a renowned Azerbaijani writer, philosopher and founder of modern literary criticism. He became famous for writing European-inspired plays in Azeri Turkic language. Mirza was born at a time when his family was facing financial hardships. When he was six-year-old, his mother left his father and went to live with her uncle, who was a highly intellectual and well-read cleric. Mirza grew under his maternal uncle's tutelage and soon mastered the canons of Islamic philosophy and literature. Initially hoping to follow in his uncle's footsteps and join the clergy, Mirza dropped out of theological school to study poetry and Western literature. He then began to produce his own works of literary genius, including comedy plays and brilliantly satirical novels. His lyrical use of Persian and well as his descriptions of Persian culture inspired an entire generation of Iranian leaders. His takedown of corrupt and nonsensical Muslim superstitions made him an early advocate of rational atheism, an ideology heavily promoted by the Soviet Union decades after his death. Mirza's vast output of work ranging from literary criticism to volumes of poetry has lifted him to the status of a colossus in the annals of great Persian, Azerbaijani and Russian writers.
Mirza Fatali Akhundov is a member of Writers

Does Mirza Fatali Akhundov Dead or Alive?

As per our current Database, Mirza Fatali Akhundov has been died on 9 March 1878(1878-03-09) (aged 65)\nTiflis, Tiflis Governorate, Russian Empire.

🎂 Mirza Fatali Akhundov - Age, Bio, Faces and Birthday

When Mirza Fatali Akhundov die, Mirza Fatali Akhundov was 65 years old.

Popular As Mirza Fatali Akhundov
Occupation Writers
Age 65 years old
Zodiac Sign Leo
Born July 12, 1812 (Shaki, Azerbaijan, Azerbaijani)
Birthday July 12
Town/City Shaki, Azerbaijan, Azerbaijani
Nationality Azerbaijani

🌙 Zodiac

Mirza Fatali Akhundov’s zodiac sign is Leo. According to astrologers, people born under the sign of Leo are natural born leaders. They are dramatic, creative, self-confident, dominant and extremely difficult to resist, able to achieve anything they want to in any area of life they commit to. There is a specific strength to a Leo and their "king of the jungle" status. Leo often has many friends for they are generous and loyal. Self-confident and attractive, this is a Sun sign capable of uniting different groups of people and leading them as one towards a shared cause, and their healthy sense of humor makes collaboration with other people even easier.

🌙 Chinese Zodiac Signs

Mirza Fatali Akhundov was born in the Year of the Monkey. Those born under the Chinese Zodiac sign of the Monkey thrive on having fun. They’re energetic, upbeat, and good at listening but lack self-control. They like being active and stimulated and enjoy pleasing self before pleasing others. They’re heart-breakers, not good at long-term relationships, morals are weak. Compatible with Rat or Dragon.

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Famous Quotes:

The greatest Azerbaidzhani poet of the nineteenth century, Mirza Fathali Akhundov (1812-78), who is called the "Molière of the Orient", was so completely devoted to the Russian cause that he urged his compatriots to fight Turkey during the Crimean War.



Akhundzade was born in 1812 in Nukha (present-day Shaki, Azerbaijan) to a wealthy land owning family from Iranian Azerbaijan. His parents, and especially his uncle Haji Alaskar, who was Fatali's first Teacher, prepared young Fatali for a career in Shi'a clergy, but the young man was attracted to the literature. In 1832, while in Ganja, Akhundzade came into contact with the poet Mirza Shafi Vazeh, who introduced him to a Western secular thought and discouraged him from pursuing a religious career. Later in 1834 Akhundzade moved to Tiflis (present-day Tbilisi, Georgia), and spent the rest of his life working as a translator of Oriental languages in the Service of the Russian Empire's Viceroyalty. Concurrently, from 1837 onwards he worked as a Teacher in Tbilisi uezd Armenian school, then in Nersisyan school. In Tiflis his acquaintance and friendship with the exiled Russian Decembrists Alexander Bestuzhev-Marlinsky, Vladimir Odoyevsky, poet Yakov Polonsky, Armenian Writers Khachatur Abovian, Gabriel Sundukyan and others played some part in formation of Akhundzade's Europeanized outlook.


Akhundzade identified himself as belonging to the nation of Iran (mellat-e Irān) and to the Iranian homeland (waṭan). He corresponded with Jālāl-al-Din Mirzā (a minor Qajar Prince, son of Bahman Mirza Qajar,1826–70) and admired this latter's epic Nāmeh-ye Khosrovān ('Book of Sovereigns'), which was an attempt to offer the modern reader a biography of Iran's ancient kings, real and mythical, without recourse to any Arabic loanword. The Nāmeh presented the pre-Islamic past as one of grandeur, and the advent of Islam as a radical rupture.


Akhundzade's first published work was The Oriental Poem (1837), written to lament the death of the great Russian poet Alexander Pushkin. But the rise of Akhundzade's literary activity comes in the 1850s. In the first half of the 1850s, Akhundzade wrote six comedies – the first comedies in Azerbaijani literature as well as the first samples of the national dramaturgy. The comedies by Akhundzade are unique in their critical pathos, analysis of the realities in Azerbaijan of the first half of the 19th century. These comedies found numerous responses in the Russian other foreign periodical press. The German Magazine of Foreign Literature called Akhundzade "dramatic genius", "the Azerbaijani Molière" 1. Akhundzade's sharp pen was directed against everything that he believed hindered the advance of the Russian Empire, which for Akhundzadeh was a force for modernisation, in spite of the atrocities it committed in its southern advance against Akhundzadeh's own kin. According to Walter Kolarz:


Well ahead of his time, Akhundzade was a keen advocate for alphabet reform, recognizing deficiencies of Perso-Arabic script with regards to Turkic sounds. He began his work regarding alphabet reform in 1850. His first efforts focused on modifying the Perso-Arabic script so that it would more adequately satisfy the phonetic requirements of the Azerbaijani language. First, he insisted that each sound be represented by a separate symbol - no duplications or omissions. The Perso-Arabic script expresses only three vowel sounds, whereas Azeri needs to identify nine vowels. Later, he openly advocated the change from Perso-Arabic to a modified Latin alphabet. The Latin script which was used in Azerbaijan between 1922 and 1939, and the Latin script which is used now, were based on Akhundzade's third version.


Mirza Aqa Khan Kermani (1854-96) was one of Akhundzades disciples, and three decades later will endeavour to disseminate Akhundzade's thought while also significantly strengthening its racial content (Zia-Ebrahimi argues that Kermani was the first to retrieve the idea of 'the Aryan race' from European texts and refer to it as such, the modern idea of race here being different to the various cognates of the term 'Ariya' that one finds in ancient sources). Mirza Aqa Khan Kermani also followed Jalāl-al-Din Mirzā in producing a national history of Iran, Āʾine-ye sekandari (The Alexandrian Mirror), extending from the mythological past to the Qajar era, again to contrast a mythified and fantasised pre-Islamic past with a present that falls short of nationalist expectations..


In 1859 Akhundzade published his short but famous novel The Deceived Stars. In this novel he laid the foundation of Azerbaijani realistic historical prose, giving the Models of a new genre in Azerbaijani literature. By his comedies and dramas Akhundzade established realism as the leading trend in Azerbaijani literature.


In the 1920s, the Azerbaijan State Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre was named after Akhundzade.


Zia-Ebrahimi sees dislocative nationalism as the dominant paradigm of identity in modern Iran, as it became part and parcel of the official ideology of the Pahlavi State (1925-79) and thus disseminated through mass-schooling, propaganda, and the state's symbolic repertoire.


Punik, town in Armenia was also named in the honour of Akhundzade until very recently. TURKSOY hosted a groundbreaking ceremony to declare 2012 as year of Mirza Fatali Akhundzade.

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