Louis Néel

About Louis Néel

Who is it?: Physicist
Birth Day: November 22, 1904
Birth Place: Lyon, France, French
Alma mater: École Normale Supérieure, University of Paris University of Strasbourg
Known for: Néel effect Néel relaxation theory
Awards: Nobel Prize in Physics (1970) ForMemRS (1966) Legion of Honour (1966)
Fields: Solid-state physics
Institutions: CNRS, Grenoble
Doctoral advisor: Pierre Weiss

Louis Néel

Louis Néel was born on November 22, 1904 in Lyon, France, French, is Physicist. Louis Eugène Félix Néel was a noted French physicist who was jointly awarded the ‘Nobel Prize in Physics’ in 1970 with Swedish astrophysicist Hannes Alfvén for his leading-edge research work on the magnetic properties of solids. A Doctor of Science from the ‘University of Strasbourg’ his scientific contributions in the field of solid state physics led to several significant applications especially in developing advanced memory units of computer. Existence of a new type of magnetic behavior that is anti-ferromagnetism, which is contrary to ferromagnetism, was proposed by him. The behavior ceases to exist after reaching a certain level of temperature, the Néel temperature. He also suggested existence of materials that display ferrimagnetism. His elucidation on weak magnetism of some rocks paved way for the study of magnetic field of the Earth. His contribution in national defence, especially his studies in safeguarding warships through demagnetization against magnetic mines, fetched him several laurels. He was honored with Légion d'honneur and made the Knight (1940) and the Officer (1951), Commander (1958), Grand Officier de la Légion d'honneur (1966) and Grand Cross (1974). The military decoration of France, Croix de Guerre with Palms was conferred upon him in 1940. He also became the ‘Commander of the Ordre des Palmes Académiques’ in 1957; the ‘Knight of the Social Order of Merit’ in 1963; and was made the Grand Cross of the National Order of Merit in 1972. He was elected as ‘Foreign Member of the Royal Society’ (ForMemRS) in 1966.
Louis Néel is a member of Scientists

Does Louis Néel Dead or Alive?

As per our current Database, Louis Néel has been died on 17 November 2000(2000-11-17) (aged 95)\nBrive-la-Gaillarde.

🎂 Louis Néel - Age, Bio, Faces and Birthday

When Louis Néel die, Louis Néel was 95 years old.

Popular As Louis Néel
Occupation Scientists
Age 95 years old
Zodiac Sign Sagittarius
Born November 22, 1904 (Lyon, France, French)
Birthday November 22
Town/City Lyon, France, French
Nationality French

🌙 Zodiac

Louis Néel’s zodiac sign is Sagittarius. According to astrologers, Sagittarius is curious and energetic, it is one of the biggest travelers among all zodiac signs. Their open mind and philosophical view motivates them to wander around the world in search of the meaning of life. Sagittarius is extrovert, optimistic and enthusiastic, and likes changes. Sagittarius-born are able to transform their thoughts into concrete actions and they will do anything to achieve their goals.

🌙 Chinese Zodiac Signs

Louis Néel was born in the Year of the Dragon. A powerful sign, those born under the Chinese Zodiac sign of the Dragon are energetic and warm-hearted, charismatic, lucky at love and egotistic. They’re natural born leaders, good at giving orders and doing what’s necessary to remain on top. Compatible with Monkey and Rat.

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Awards and nominations:

Néel received numerous awards and honours for his work including:

Owing to his involvement in national defense, particularly through research in the protection of warships by demagnetization against magnetic mines, he received numerous distinctions:

The Louis Néel Medal – awarded annually by the European Geophysical Society is named in Néels honour.



Néel studied at the Lycée du Parc in Lyon and was accepted at the École Normale Supérieure in Paris. He obtained the degree of Doctor of Science at the University of Strasbourg. He was corecipient (with the Swedish Astrophysicist Hannes Alfvén) of the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1970 for his pioneering studies of the magnetic properties of solids. His contributions to solid state physics have found numerous useful applications, particularly in the development of improved computer memory units. About 1930 he suggested that a new form of magnetic behavior might exist; called antiferromagnetism, as opposed to ferromagnetism. Above a certain temperature (the Néel temperature) this behaviour stops. Néel pointed out (1948) that materials could also exist showing ferrimagnetism. Néel has also given an explanation of the weak magnetism of certain rocks, making possible the study of the history of Earth's magnetic field.


The Louis Néel Medal – awarded annually by the European Geophysical Society is named in Néels honour.

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