John George Nicolay

About John George Nicolay

Who is it?: Biographer
Birth Day: February 18, 1832
Birth Place: Essingen, Rhineland-Palatinate, United States

John George Nicolay

John George Nicolay was born on February 18, 1926 in Essingen, Rhineland-Palatinate, United States, is Biographer. John George Nicolay was a German born American who served as private secretary to Abraham Lincoln, former President of the United States of America. Migrating with his family from Germany to the United States at only five years of age he lost his father in his teens and went on to be adopted by his neighbours. Starting as a printer’s apprentice at the ‘Pike County Free Press’, in his eight years stint with the paper, he soon climbed the ranks and subsequently held the positions of proprietor, editor and publisher. Through the paper he eventually became acquainted with prominent political and social personalities of the region which included Lincoln. Nicolay along with John Hay, who also served as private secretary to the President Lincoln, penned down a ten volume biography of the President almost thirty years after his death. The biography was named ‘Abraham Lincoln: A History’. Many documentaries, television mini-series and films based on President Abraham Lincoln feature his character.
John George Nicolay is a member of Writers

Does John George Nicolay Dead or Alive?

As per our current Database, John George Nicolay has been died on September 26, 1901.

🎂 John George Nicolay - Age, Bio, Faces and Birthday

When John George Nicolay die, John George Nicolay was 69 years old.

Popular As John George Nicolay
Occupation Writers
Age 69 years old
Zodiac Sign Pisces
Born February 18, 1832 (Essingen, Rhineland-Palatinate, United States)
Birthday February 18
Town/City Essingen, Rhineland-Palatinate, United States
Nationality United States

🌙 Zodiac

John George Nicolay’s zodiac sign is Pisces. According to astrologers, Pisces are very friendly, so they often find themselves in a company of very different people. Pisces are selfless, they are always willing to help others, without hoping to get anything back. Pisces is a Water sign and as such this zodiac sign is characterized by empathy and expressed emotional capacity.

🌙 Chinese Zodiac Signs

John George Nicolay was born in the Year of the Dragon. A powerful sign, those born under the Chinese Zodiac sign of the Dragon are energetic and warm-hearted, charismatic, lucky at love and egotistic. They’re natural born leaders, good at giving orders and doing what’s necessary to remain on top. Compatible with Monkey and Rat.

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He was born Johann Georg Nicolai in Essingen, Rhenish Bavaria. In 1838, he immigrated to the United States with his Father and attended school in Cincinnati. He later moved to Illinois, where he edited the Pike County Free Press at Pittsfield, and became a political power in the state. Then he became assistant to the secretary of state of Illinois. While in this position, he met Abraham Lincoln and became his devoted adherent.


In 1861, Lincoln appointed Nicolay as his private secretary, which was the first official act of his new administration. Nicolay served in this capacity until Lincoln's death in 1865. Shortly before his assassination, Lincoln appointed Nicolay to a diplomatic post in France. After the death of the President, Nicolay became United States Consul at Paris, France (1865–69). For some time after his return to the United States, he edited the Chicago Republican. He was Marshal of the United States Supreme Court (1872–1887). In 1881, Nicolay wrote The Outbreak of the Rebellion.


Nicolay was a founding member of the Literary Society of Washington in 1874, according to a book about the society written by his daughter, Helen Nicolay. Both Nicolay and Hay were members of long standing in the society.


Nicolay and John Hay, who had worked alongside Nicolay as assistant secretary to Lincoln, collaborated on the official biography of the 16th President. It appeared in The Century Magazine serially from 1886 to 1890 and was then issued (1890–94) in book form as ten volumes, together with the two-volume Complete Works of Abraham Lincoln. The resulting biography is a definitive resource on Lincoln and his times. Nicolay and Hay also edited Lincoln's Works in twelve volumes (1905). Finally, Personal Traits of Abraham Lincoln was published by Helen Nicolay in 1912.


Poor health had forced Nicolay to resign as Marshal of the Supreme Court, and he suffered from a wide range of ailments in his final years. He lived with his spinster daughter, Helen Nicolay, at her home at 212 B Street SE in Washington, D.C. He died at home of unspecified causes on September 26, 1901. He was buried at Oak Hill Cemetery in the city.


In the 1992 documentary Lincoln, the German-born Nicolay is voiced by the Austrian-born actor Arnold Schwarzenegger. In the 1988 NBC mini-series Lincoln based on Gore Vidal's book, Nicolay is portrayed by actor Richard Travis. In the 2012 film Lincoln, Nicolay is portrayed by Jeremy Strong. In the 2017 documentary film The Gettysburg Address, Nicolay is portrayed by actor William Fichtner.

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