Johannes Peter Müller

About Johannes Peter Müller

Who is it?: Physiologist
Birth Day: July 14, 1801
Birth Place: Koblenz, Germany, German
Alma mater: Bonn University
Fields: Physiology
Thesis: Commentarii de phoronomia animalium (1822)
Doctoral advisor: August F. J. K. Mayer
Other academic advisors: Karl Rudolphi
Doctoral students: Hermann von Helmholtz Rudolf Virchow
Influenced: Charles Scott Sherrington Jakob von Uexküll

Johannes Peter Müller

Johannes Peter Müller was born on July 14, 1801 in Koblenz, Germany, German, is Physiologist. Johannes Peter Müller was a German physiologist and comparative anatomist, considered to be the leading natural philosopher of the 19th century. He was best remembered for his book ‘Handbuch der Physiologie des Menschen für Vorlesungen’, 2 vol. (1834–40; Elements of Physiology) which became the leading textbook in the medical field. Born to a shoemaker, his father initially planned to train him in leather crafting. However, one of his teachers discovered his talent in mathematics and classical languages and persuaded his father to send him to the Bonn University. By then, Müller had become interested in natural sciences and medicine. At Bonn, he enrolled in medical studies and three years later graduated with a medical degree. He continued further studies at the Berlin University where famous anatomist Rudolphi motivated him to take up microscopic studies. In 1824, he acquired the Lecturership in physiology and comparative anatomy at the University of Bonn; two years later he was appointed Associate Professor, and in 1830 he became a full Professor. Next, he was granted the prestigious position of Medical Professor at the Berlin University and continued in the role for 25 years. He was an eminent teacher and some of his famous students included cellular pathologist Rudolf Virchow and physiologist physicist Hermann Helmholtz. As a researcher, his vast knowledge in the field grabbed the attention of different scholars. In personal life, he suffered from frequent bouts of depression that often left him incapable of work.
Johannes Peter Müller is a member of Scientists

Does Johannes Peter Müller Dead or Alive?

As per our current Database, Johannes Peter Müller has been died on 28 April 1858(1858-04-28) (aged 56)\nBerlin, German Confederation.

🎂 Johannes Peter Müller - Age, Bio, Faces and Birthday

When Johannes Peter Müller die, Johannes Peter Müller was 56 years old.

Popular As Johannes Peter Müller
Occupation Scientists
Age 56 years old
Zodiac Sign Leo
Born July 14, 1801 (Koblenz, Germany, German)
Birthday July 14
Town/City Koblenz, Germany, German
Nationality German

🌙 Zodiac

Johannes Peter Müller’s zodiac sign is Leo. According to astrologers, people born under the sign of Leo are natural born leaders. They are dramatic, creative, self-confident, dominant and extremely difficult to resist, able to achieve anything they want to in any area of life they commit to. There is a specific strength to a Leo and their "king of the jungle" status. Leo often has many friends for they are generous and loyal. Self-confident and attractive, this is a Sun sign capable of uniting different groups of people and leading them as one towards a shared cause, and their healthy sense of humor makes collaboration with other people even easier.

🌙 Chinese Zodiac Signs

Johannes Peter Müller was born in the Year of the Rooster. Those born under the Chinese Zodiac sign of the Rooster are practical, resourceful, observant, analytical, straightforward, trusting, honest, perfectionists, neat and conservative. Compatible with Ox or Snake.

Some Johannes Peter Müller images



After the death of J. F. Meckel (1781–1833) he edited the Archiv für Anatomie und Physiologie.


When he was 18 though, his love for natural science became dominant, and he turned to Medicine, entering the University of Bonn in 1819. There he received his M.D.. He then studied at Berlin. There, under the influence of Hegel and Rudolphi, he was induced to reject all systems of physiology which were not founded upon a strict observation of nature.


He became Privatdozent of physiology and comparative anatomy at Bonn in 1824, extraordinary professor of physiology in 1826, and ordinary professor in 1830. In 1833 he went to the Humboldt University of Berlin, where he filled the chair of anatomy and physiology until his death.


Müller made contributions in numerous domains of physiology, in particular increasing understanding of the voice, speech and hearing, as well as the chemical and physical properties of lymph, chyle and blood. His first important works, Zur vergleichenden Physiologie des Gesichtsinns (“On the comparative physiology of sight,” Leipzig, 1826) and Über die phantastischen Gesichtserscheinungen (“On visual hallucination,” Coblenz, 1826), are of a subjective philosophical tendency. The first work concerns the most important facts as to human and animal sight, the second sounds depths of difficult psychological problems. He soon became the leader in the science of the morphological treatment of zoology as well as of experimental physiology. To his research (1830) is due the settlement of the theory of reflex action.


In the century preceding Müller's work, many contributions to physiological science had been made. Müller gave order to these facts, developed general principles and showed Physiologists how recent discoveries in physics and chemistry could be applied to their work. The appearance of his magnum opus, Handbuch der Physiologie des Menschen, between 1833 and 1840 (translated into English as “Elements of Physiology” by william Baly, and published in London 1837–1843) marked the beginning of a new period in the study of physiology. In it, for the first time, the results of human and comparative anatomy, as well as of chemistry and other departments of physical science, and tools like the microscope, were brought to bear on the investigation of physiological problems.


Müller mentored such distinguished Scientists and Physiologists as Hermann von Helmholtz, Emil du Bois-Reymond, Theodor Schwann, Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle, Carl Ludwig and Ernst Haeckel. In 1834, he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.


Edward Forbes F.R.S. in his A History of British Starfishes, and Other Animals of the Class Echinodermata (1841) in his preface refers to Muller as the "one of the greatest living Physiologists, Muller of Berlin".


In addition to his Handbuch der Physiologie (translated by Baly in 1843: Elements of Physiology), his publications include:


Müller died in Berlin in 1858. In 1899, a bronze statue by Joseph Uphues was erected in his memory at Koblenz.


The book became the leading textbook in physiology for much of the nineteenth century. It manifests Müller’s interests in vitalism, philosophy and scientific rigor. He discusses the difference between inorganic and organic matter. He considers in detail various physiological systems of a wide variety of animals, but attributes the indivisible whole of an organism to the presence of a soul. He also proposes that living organisms possess a life-energy for which physical laws can never fully account.

Johannes Peter Müller trend