Jerome Isaac Friedman

About Jerome Isaac Friedman

Who is it?: Physicist
Birth Day: March 28, 1930
Birth Place: Chicago, Illinois, United States
Alma mater: University of Chicago
Known for: Experimental proof of quarks
Spouse(s): Tania Letetsky-Baranovsky (m. 1956; 4 children)
Awards: Nobel Prize in Physics (1990)
Fields: Physics
Institutions: MIT
Doctoral advisor: Enrico Fermi

Jerome Isaac Friedman

Jerome Isaac Friedman was born on March 28, 1930 in Chicago, Illinois, United States, is Physicist. Jerome Isaac Friedman is an American physicist who was awarded the highly prestigious Nobel Prize in Physics in 1990 for giving the world the experimental proof of quarks. He shared the prize with Richard Taylor and Henry Kendall, his collaborators during his peak productive years of research between 1967 and 1975. Friedman’s tryst for science began when he was in high school. An art aficionado, a chance reading of Einstein’s ‘Relativity’ drew Friedman to the science of the physical world. He gave up his art ambition for science. Enrico Fermi acted as Friedman’s guardian during his PhD years. Together the two investigated particle structure and interactions of high energy electrons, neutrinos, and hadrons. These formative experiences played a quintessential role in Friedman’s career development. In 1967, together with Taylor and Kendall, he made their life’s greatest discovery by giving the scientific world the experimental evidence of quarks. Through their experiment, they aimed charged electrons at protons and neutrons using a large accelerator. As a result, protons sometimes converted into other particles which led to the development of quark model in particle physics.
Jerome Isaac Friedman is a member of Scientists

Does Jerome Isaac Friedman Dead or Alive?

As per our current Database, Jerome Isaac Friedman is still alive (as per Wikipedia, Last update: May 10, 2020).

🎂 Jerome Isaac Friedman - Age, Bio, Faces and Birthday

Currently, Jerome Isaac Friedman is 91 years, 2 months and 28 days old. Jerome Isaac Friedman will celebrate 92rd birthday on a Monday 28th of March 2022. Below we countdown to Jerome Isaac Friedman upcoming birthday.

Popular As Jerome Isaac Friedman
Occupation Scientists
Age 90 years old
Zodiac Sign Aries
Born March 28, 1930 (Chicago, Illinois, United States)
Birthday March 28
Town/City Chicago, Illinois, United States
Nationality United States

🌙 Zodiac

Jerome Isaac Friedman’s zodiac sign is Aries. According to astrologers, the presence of Aries always marks the beginning of something energetic and turbulent. They are continuously looking for dynamic, speed and competition, always being the first in everything - from work to social gatherings. Thanks to its ruling planet Mars and the fact it belongs to the element of Fire (just like Leo and Sagittarius), Aries is one of the most active zodiac signs. It is in their nature to take action, sometimes before they think about it well.

🌙 Chinese Zodiac Signs

Jerome Isaac Friedman was born in the Year of the Horse. Those born under the Chinese Zodiac sign of the Horse love to roam free. They’re energetic, self-reliant, money-wise, and they enjoy traveling, love and intimacy. They’re great at seducing, sharp-witted, impatient and sometimes seen as a drifter. Compatible with Dog or Tiger.

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Born in Chicago, Illinois to Lillian (née Warsaw) and Selig Friedman, a sewing machine salesman, Friedman's Jewish parents emigrated to the U.S. from Russia. Jerome Friedman excelled in art but became interested in physics after reading a book on relativity written by Albert Einstein. He turned down a scholarship to the Art Institute of Chicago in order to study physics at the University of Chicago. Whilst there he worked under Enrico Fermi, and eventually received his Ph.D in physics in 1956. In 1960 he joined the physics faculty of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.


In 1968-69, commuting between MIT and California, he conducted experiments with Henry W. Kendall and Richard E. Taylor at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center which gave the first experimental evidence that protons had an internal structure, later known to be quarks. For this, Friedman, Kendall and Taylor shared the 1990 Nobel Prize in Physics. He is an Institute Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Friedman is also a member of the Board of Sponsors of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists.


In 2003 he was one of 22 Nobel Laureates who signed the Humanist Manifesto. He is an atheist.


In 2008, Friedman received an honorary Ph.D from the University of Belgrade. He is an honorary professor at the University of Belgrade's Faculty of Physics and the Faculty's world-famous institutes: Institute of Physics, Institute of Physics, Zemun and Vinca Nuclear Institute.

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