Heinrich Otto Wieland

About Heinrich Otto Wieland

Who is it?: Father of Biochemistry
Birth Day: June 04, 1877
Birth Place: Pforzheim, German
Alma mater: University of Munich
Known for: Bile acids research
Awards: Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1927) Otto Hahn Prize for Chemistry and Physics (1955) Fellow of the Royal Society
Fields: Chemistry
Institutions: Technical University of Munich 1913–21, University of Freiburg 1921–25, University of Munich 1925-
Doctoral advisor: Johannes Thiele
Doctoral students: Rolf Huisgen, Leopold Horner

Heinrich Otto Wieland

Heinrich Otto Wieland was born on June 04, 1877 in Pforzheim, German, is Father of Biochemistry. Heinrich Otto Wieland was an eminent German scientist who won the 1927 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his investigations of the constitution of the bile acids. In these days, when scientists tend to specialize from the very beginning his encyclopedic knowledge in all branches of chemistry fill us with wonder. He was probably one of the last academics who had the entire subject on the fingertips. Known as the father of biochemistry he made a number of astounding discoveries covering a wide range of subjects. Among them, Wieland became best known for his work on bile acid. It not only brought him Nobel Prize but also played a key role in explaining metabolism as well as structure of steroids, which in turn helped to develop number of drugs, including the contraceptive pills. However, he shied away from limelight all through his life and consequently not many people remember his name today. In fact, he was first to synthesize arsenical diphenylaminechlorarsine. But, because his discovery did not get much notice, it was named Adamsite after Roger Adam, who worked on it much later. Heinrich Otto Wieland was also a very good human being and risked his own life to save his Jewish students from the Nazis.
Heinrich Otto Wieland is a member of Scientists

Does Heinrich Otto Wieland Dead or Alive?

As per our current Database, Heinrich Otto Wieland has been died on 5 August 1957(1957-08-05) (aged 80)\nStarnberg, Bavaria, West Germany.

🎂 Heinrich Otto Wieland - Age, Bio, Faces and Birthday

When Heinrich Otto Wieland die, Heinrich Otto Wieland was 80 years old.

Popular As Heinrich Otto Wieland
Occupation Scientists
Age 80 years old
Zodiac Sign Cancer
Born June 04, 1877 (Pforzheim, German)
Birthday June 04
Town/City Pforzheim, German
Nationality German

🌙 Zodiac

Heinrich Otto Wieland’s zodiac sign is Cancer. According to astrologers, the sign of Cancer belongs to the element of Water, just like Scorpio and Pisces. Guided by emotion and their heart, they could have a hard time blending into the world around them. Being ruled by the Moon, phases of the lunar cycle deepen their internal mysteries and create fleeting emotional patterns that are beyond their control. As children, they don't have enough coping and defensive mechanisms for the outer world, and have to be approached with care and understanding, for that is what they give in return.

🌙 Chinese Zodiac Signs

Heinrich Otto Wieland was born in the Year of the Ox. Another of the powerful Chinese Zodiac signs, the Ox is steadfast, solid, a goal-oriented leader, detail-oriented, hard-working, stubborn, serious and introverted but can feel lonely and insecure. Takes comfort in friends and family and is a reliable, protective and strong companion. Compatible with Snake or Rooster.

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Heinrich's Father, Theodor Wieland (1846–1928) was a pharmacist with a doctorate in chemistry. He owned a gold and silver refinery in Pforzheim. Heinrich Wieland was a cousin of Helene Boehringer, the wife of Albert Boehringer, who was the founder of Boehringer-Ingelheim. From 1915 to the end of 1920, he was advisor at Boehringer-Ingelheim and during this time he established the first scientific department of the company.


Heinrich Otto Wieland (4 June 1877 – 5 August 1957) was a German Chemist. He won the 1927 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his research into the bile acids.


In 1901 Wieland received his doctorate at the University of Munich while studying under Johannes Thiele. In 1904 he completed his habilitation, then continued to teach at the university and starting in 1907 was a consultant for Boehringer-Ingelheim. In 1914 he became associate professor for special topics in organic chemistry, and Director of the Organic Division of the State Laboratory in Munich. From 1917 to 1918 Wieland worked in the Service of the (KWI) Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physical Chemistry and Elektrochemistry in Dahlem then led by Fritz Haber as an alternative to regular military Service. There he was involved in weapons research for instance finding new synthetic routes for mustard gas. He is also credited with the first synthesis of Adamsite.


From 1913 to 1921, he was Professor at the Technical University of Munich. He then moved to the University of Freiburg as successor of Ludwig Gattermann (he also assumed responsibility for Gattermanns famous cookbook). In Freiburg he started working on toad poisons and bile acids. In association with Boehringer-Ingelheim he worked on synthetic alkaloids such as morphine and strychnine


In 1925 Wieland succeeded Richard Willstätter as Chemistry Professor at the University of Munich.


Eva Wieland, Heinrich Wieland's daughter, was married to Feodor Lynen on 14 May 1937.


In 1941, Wieland isolated the toxin alpha-amanitin, the principal active agent of one of the world's most poisonous mushrooms Amanita phalloides.


Since 1964, the Heinrich Wieland Prize has been awarded annually. First to promote research on chemistry, biochemistry, physiology and clinical Medicine of lipids and related substances, nowadays the prize is awarded for outstanding research on biologically active molecules and systems in the fields of chemistry, biochemistry, and physiology as well as on their clinical importance. The prize is among the most treasured international science awards and has a successful history of over 50 years. The Heinrich Wieland Prize has been sponsored by Boehringer Ingelheim from 2000 to 2010. From 2011, it has been awarded by the Boehringer Ingelheim Foundation. The awardees have always been selected by an independent Board of Trustees. Since 2014, it has been endowed with 100,000 euros.

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