Gustav Kirchhoff

About Gustav Kirchhoff

Who is it?: Physicist
Birth Day: March 12, 1824
Birth Place: Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia, German
Residence: Prussia/German Empire
Alma mater: University of Königsberg
Known for: Kirchhoff's circuit laws Kirchhoff's law of thermal radiation Kirchhoff's laws of spectroscopy Kirchhoff's law of thermochemistry
Awards: Rumford medal (1862) Davy Medal (1877) Matteucci Medal (1877) Janssen Medal (1887)
Fields: Physics Chemistry
Institutions: University of Berlin University of Breslau University of Heidelberg
Doctoral advisor: Franz Ernst Neumann
Notable students: Loránd Eötvös Edward Nichols Gabriel Lippmann Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev Max Planck Jules Piccard Max Noether Heike Kamerlingh Onnes Ernst Schröder

Gustav Kirchhoff

Gustav Kirchhoff was born on March 12, 1824 in Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia, German, is Physicist. Gustav Robert Kirchhoff was a German physicist who made major contributions to the fields of thermochemistry and electrochemistry. His findings helped increase the fundamental understanding of black-body radiation, electrical circuits, and spectroscopy. He has had laws of thermochemistry, circuit theory, and thermal emission named after him. He laid the framework for using mathematics to understand the science of physics, which was a very important step in the scientific field. Despite numerous challenges he faced in his lifetime, including his disability, he was persistent in his research and continued to explore various expanses of science. The laws, named after him, are widely used today by many physicists to solve complex physics problems. The many discoveries he made during his lifetime will never be forgotten, as they were essential to the understanding of modern theoretical physics. His life showed that with intellect and dedication, great scientific achievements can be made. He is a symbol of excellence for every aspiring scientist and his life’s work could be described as a phenomenal tribute to science. Without his remarkable contributions, modern physics may not be where it is today.
Gustav Kirchhoff is a member of Scientists

Does Gustav Kirchhoff Dead or Alive?

As per our current Database, Gustav Kirchhoff has been died on 17 October 1887(1887-10-17) (aged 63)\nBerlin, Province of Brandenburg in the Kingdom of Prussia, a part of the German Empire\n(present-day Germany).

🎂 Gustav Kirchhoff - Age, Bio, Faces and Birthday

When Gustav Kirchhoff die, Gustav Kirchhoff was 63 years old.

Popular As Gustav Kirchhoff
Occupation Scientists
Age 63 years old
Zodiac Sign Aries
Born March 12, 1824 (Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia, German)
Birthday March 12
Town/City Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia, German
Nationality German

🌙 Zodiac

Gustav Kirchhoff’s zodiac sign is Aries. According to astrologers, the presence of Aries always marks the beginning of something energetic and turbulent. They are continuously looking for dynamic, speed and competition, always being the first in everything - from work to social gatherings. Thanks to its ruling planet Mars and the fact it belongs to the element of Fire (just like Leo and Sagittarius), Aries is one of the most active zodiac signs. It is in their nature to take action, sometimes before they think about it well.

🌙 Chinese Zodiac Signs

Gustav Kirchhoff was born in the Year of the Monkey. Those born under the Chinese Zodiac sign of the Monkey thrive on having fun. They’re energetic, upbeat, and good at listening but lack self-control. They like being active and stimulated and enjoy pleasing self before pleasing others. They’re heart-breakers, not good at long-term relationships, morals are weak. Compatible with Rat or Dragon.

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Kirchhoff formulated his circuit laws, which are now ubiquitous in electrical engineering, in 1845, while still a student. He completed this study as a seminar exercise; it later became his doctoral dissertation. In 1857 he calculated that an electric signal in a resistanceless wire travels along the wire at the speed of light. He proposed his law of thermal radiation in 1859, and gave a proof in 1861. He was called to the University of Heidelberg in 1854, where he collaborated in spectroscopic work with Robert Bunsen. Together Kirchhoff and Bunsen discovered caesium and rubidium in 1861. At Heidelberg he ran a mathematico-physical seminar, modelled on Neumann's, with the Mathematician Leo Koenigsberger. Among those who attended this seminar were Arthur Schuster and Sofia Kovalevskaya. In 1875 Kirchhoff accepted the first chair specifically dedicated to theoretical physics at Berlin.


Gustav Kirchhoff was born in Königsberg, Prussia, the son of Friedrich Kirchhoff, a Lawyer, and Johanna Henriette Wittke. His family were Lutherans in the Evangelical Church of Prussia. He graduated from the Albertus University of Königsberg in 1847 where he attended the mathematico-physical seminar directed by Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi, Franz Ernst Neumann and Friedrich Julius Richelot. In the same year, he moved to Berlin, where he stayed until he received a professorship at Breslau. Later, in 1857, He married Clara Richelot, the daughter of his mathematics professor Richelot. The couple had five children. Clara died in 1869. He married Luise Brömmel in 1872.


Kirchhoff showed in 1858 that, in thermochemistry, the variation of the heat of a chemical reaction is given by the difference in heat capacity between products and reactants: dΔH / dT = ΔCp. Integration of this equation permits the evaluation of the heat of reaction at one temperature from measurements at another temperature.


In 1862 he was awarded the Rumford Medal for his researches on the fixed lines of the solar spectrum, and on the inversion of the bright lines in the spectra of artificial light.


In 1884 he became foreign member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences.


Kirchhoff died in 1887, and was buried in the St Matthäus Kirchhof Cemetery in Schöneberg, Berlin (just a few meters from the graves of the Brothers Grimm). Leopold Kronecker is buried in the same cemetery.

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