Friedrich Bergius

About Friedrich Bergius

Who is it?: Chemist
Birth Day: October 11, 1884
Birth Place: Breslau (Wrocław), Germany, German
Alma mater: University of Breslau, University of Leipzig
Known for: Bergius process
Awards: Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1931) Wilhelm Exner Medal (1937)
Fields: Chemistry
Institutions: University of Hanover
Doctoral advisor: Arthur Rudolf Hantzsch
Other academic advisors: Richard Abegg

Friedrich Bergius

Friedrich Bergius was born on October 11, 1884 in Breslau (Wrocław), Germany, German, is Chemist. Friedrich Karl Rudolf Bergius was a German chemist known for the Bergius process for producing synthetic fuel from coal. He and Carl Bosch jointly won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their contribution in the invention and development of chemical high-pressure methods. Bergius and Bosch worked towards developing the hydrogenation method needed to change coal dust and hydrogen into gasoline and lubricating oils without removing the transitional products. From his school days, Bergius took great interest in his father's factory where he studied various working methods under the direction of his father. In this way, he became acquainted with chemicotechnical processes and this time spent in the laboratories made him obtain a substantial knowledge about scientific and industrial matters from a very early age. Bergius worked with IG Farben during World War II. He researched the conversion of wood into sugar and of sugar into other food products. This helped Germany to combat the food crisis during World War II. After the war, he could not find any work that would do justice to his abilities. His citizenship came into question too. So, Friedrich Bergius finally fled to Argentina, where he acted as an adviser to the Ministry of Industry.
Friedrich Bergius is a member of Scientists

Does Friedrich Bergius Dead or Alive?

As per our current Database, Friedrich Bergius has been died on 30 March 1949(1949-03-30) (aged 64)\nBuenos Aires, Argentina.

🎂 Friedrich Bergius - Age, Bio, Faces and Birthday

When Friedrich Bergius die, Friedrich Bergius was 64 years old.

Popular As Friedrich Bergius
Occupation Scientists
Age 64 years old
Zodiac Sign Scorpio
Born October 11, 1884 (Breslau (Wrocław), Germany, German)
Birthday October 11
Town/City Breslau (Wrocław), Germany, German
Nationality German

🌙 Zodiac

Friedrich Bergius’s zodiac sign is Scorpio. According to astrologers, Scorpio-born are passionate and assertive people. They are determined and decisive, and will research until they find out the truth. Scorpio is a great leader, always aware of the situation and also features prominently in resourcefulness. Scorpio is a Water sign and lives to experience and express emotions. Although emotions are very important for Scorpio, they manifest them differently than other water signs. In any case, you can be sure that the Scorpio will keep your secrets, whatever they may be.

🌙 Chinese Zodiac Signs

Friedrich Bergius was born in the Year of the Monkey. Those born under the Chinese Zodiac sign of the Monkey thrive on having fun. They’re energetic, upbeat, and good at listening but lack self-control. They like being active and stimulated and enjoy pleasing self before pleasing others. They’re heart-breakers, not good at long-term relationships, morals are weak. Compatible with Rat or Dragon.

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Awards and nominations:

He and Carl Bosch won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1931 in recognition of their contributions to the invention and development of chemical high-pressure methods. In 1937, he was awarded the Wilhelm Exner Medal.



Before studying chemistry, Bergius was sent to work for 6 months at the Friedrich Wilhelms steel works in Mülheim. His studies started at the University of Breslau in 1903 and ended with a PhD in chemistry at the University of Leipzig in 1907, after only 4 years. His thesis on sulfuric acid as solvent was supervised by Arthur Rudolf Hantzsch. In 1909 Bergius worked for one semester with Fritz Haber and Carl Bosch at the University of Karlsruhe in the development of the Haber-Bosch Process. On the same year he was invited to work at the University of Hanover with Max Bodenstein, who developed the idea of chemical kinetics and held a position as professor.


During his habilitation, techniques for the high-pressure and high-temperature chemistry of carbon-containing substrates were developed, yielding a patent on the Bergius process in 1913. In this process liquid hydrocarbons used as synthetic fuel are produced by hydrogenation of lignite (brown coal). He developed the process well before the commonly known Fischer-Tropsch process. Theodor Goldschmidt invited him to build an industrial plant at his factory the Th. Goldschmidt AG in 1914. The production began only in 1919, after the World War I ended, when the need for fuel was already declining. The technical problems, inflation and the constant criticism of Franz Joseph Emil Fischer, which changed to support after a personal demonstration of the process, made the progress slow and Bergius sold his patent to BASF, where Carl Bosch worked on it. Before World War II several plants were built with an annual capacity of 4 million tons of synthetic fuel.


He and Carl Bosch won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1931 in recognition of their contributions to the invention and development of chemical high-pressure methods. In 1937, he was awarded the Wilhelm Exner Medal.


After the war his citizenship was called into question because of his collaboration with IG Farben, resulting in his departure from Germany to work as an adviser in Italy, Turkey, Switzerland and Spain. He emigrated to Argentina, where he worked as an adviser to the Ministry of Industry. He died in Buenos Aires on 30 March 1949, and buried in the Cementerio Alemán next to La Chacarita Cemetery.

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