Edward Lawrie Tatum

About Edward Lawrie Tatum

Who is it?: Biochemist
Birth Day: December 14, 1909
Birth Place: Boulder, Colorado, United States, United States
Alma mater: University of Chicago University of Wisconsin–Madison
Known for: Gene regulation of biochemical events within cells
Awards: Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
Fields: Genetics
Institutions: Stanford University Yale University Rockefeller Institute
Notable students: Esther M. Lederberg

Edward Lawrie Tatum

Edward Lawrie Tatum was born on December 14, 1909 in Boulder, Colorado, United States, United States, is Biochemist. Edward Lawrie Tatum was an American biochemist who along with George Wells Beadle won the 1958 Nobel Prize in Medicine for showing that genes control individual steps in metabolism. Born in Colorado, initially, he followed his father’s footsteps to study chemistry at the graduation level; then took up microbiology for his postgraduate degree and biochemistry for his PhD. His hybrid educational qualifications later affected his career. Nonetheless, his talent was recognized by his professors, who recommended him to Professor Beadle, while he was working on Drosophila at the University of Stanford. Afterwards the two scientists worked on Neurospora and established the ‘one gene – one enzyme’ theory, which earned them their Nobel Prize. Meanwhile Tatum had to leave Stanford because he was an Assistant Professor in the Biology department with a degree in chemistry. Subsequently, he shifted to University of Yale as Assistant Professor in Botany and began working on bacteria with another Nobel winning scientists Joshua Lederberg, whom he had also mentored. Subsequently, they established that E-coli bacteria entered a sexual phase, during which it could pass on genetic information. At last the University of Stanford invited him back as a full professor at the Department of Biology. Later, he held many important positions and served in different capacities till his death.
Edward Lawrie Tatum is a member of Scientists

Does Edward Lawrie Tatum Dead or Alive?

As per our current Database, Edward Lawrie Tatum has been died on November 5, 1975(1975-11-05) (aged 65)\nNew York City, United States.

🎂 Edward Lawrie Tatum - Age, Bio, Faces and Birthday

When Edward Lawrie Tatum die, Edward Lawrie Tatum was 65 years old.

Popular As Edward Lawrie Tatum
Occupation Scientists
Age 65 years old
Zodiac Sign Capricorn
Born December 14, 1909 (Boulder, Colorado, United States, United States)
Birthday December 14
Town/City Boulder, Colorado, United States, United States
Nationality United States

🌙 Zodiac

Edward Lawrie Tatum’s zodiac sign is Capricorn. According to astrologers, Capricorn is a sign that represents time and responsibility, and its representatives are traditional and often very serious by nature. These individuals possess an inner state of independence that enables significant progress both in their personal and professional lives. They are masters of self-control and have the ability to lead the way, make solid and realistic plans, and manage many people who work for them at any time. They will learn from their mistakes and get to the top based solely on their experience and expertise.

🌙 Chinese Zodiac Signs

Edward Lawrie Tatum was born in the Year of the Rooster. Those born under the Chinese Zodiac sign of the Rooster are practical, resourceful, observant, analytical, straightforward, trusting, honest, perfectionists, neat and conservative. Compatible with Ox or Snake.

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Beadle and Tatum's key experiments involved exposing the bread mold Neurospora crassa to x-rays, causing mutations. In a series of experiments, they showed that these mutations caused changes in specific enzymes involved in metabolic pathways. These experiments, published in 1941, led them to propose a direct link between genes and enzymatic reactions, known as the "one gene, one enzyme" hypothesis.


Tatum was born in Boulder, Colorado. He attended the college at the University of Chicago for two years, and transferred to the University of Wisconsin–Madison, where he received his BA in 1931 and PhD in 1934. Starting in 1937, he worked at Stanford University, where he began his collaboration with Beadle. He then moved to Yale University in 1945 where he mentored Lederberg. He returned to Stanford in 1948 and then joined the faculty of Rockefeller Institute in 1957. A heavy cigarette smoker, he died in New York City of heart failure complicated by chronic emphysema.

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