Chen Ning Yang

About Chen Ning Yang

Who is it?: Physicist
Birth Day: October 01, 1922
Birth Place: Hefei, Anhui Province, China, United States
Native name: 楊振寧 (杨振宁 Yáng Zhènníng)
Residence: Beijing
Citizenship: Republic of China (1922–1964) United States (1964–2015) People's Republic of China (2015–)
Alma mater: National Southwestern Associated University Tsinghua University University of Chicago
Known for: Yang–Mills theory Landau–Yang theorem Parity violation Yang–Baxter equation Byers-Yang theorem Wu-Yang dictionary
Spouse(s): Chih-Li Tu (1950–2003) Fan Weng (2004–present)
Children: 3
Awards: Nobel Prize in Physics (1957) Rumford Prize (1980) National Medal of Science (1986) Benjamin Franklin Medal (1993) Albert Einstein Medal (1995) Bogolyubov Prize (1996) Lars Onsager Prize (1999)
Fields: Statistical mechanics Particle physics
Institutions: Stony Brook University Institute for Advanced Study Chinese University of Hong Kong Tsinghua University University of Chicago
Doctoral advisor: Edward Teller
Other academic advisors: Enrico Fermi
Doctoral students: Bill Sutherland
Traditional Chinese: 楊振寧
Simplified Chinese: 杨振宁
TranscriptionsStandard MandarinHanyu Pinyin: Transcriptions Standard Mandarin Hanyu Pinyin Yáng Zhènníng Yáng Zhènníng
Hanyu Pinyin: Yáng Zhènníng

Chen Ning Yang

Chen Ning Yang was born on October 01, 1922 in Hefei, Anhui Province, China, United States, is Physicist. Chen-Ning Franklin Yang is a China-born American physicist who jointly received the ‘Nobel Prize in Physics’ in 1957 with another physicist Tsung-Dao Lee for their remarkable work on the violations of the principle of parity conservation. The duo became the first two Nobel Laureates from China. Yang’s area of work includes particle physics and statistical mechanics. Yang and Lee conceptualised and theoretically established that conservation of parity - one of the basic laws of quantum-mechanics which was earlier considered by physicists to be universal as the law of conservation of electric charge, energy and momentum, is violated in the nuclear procedure that result in emitting alpha or beta particles, that is to say in weak nuclear reagents. This discovery led to important alterations and refinements in the field of particle physics. They suggested that tau-meson and theta-meson, which were earlier thought of to be different particles due to their decaying by modes of differing parity, are actually same (presently called K-meson). Their theory was experimentally confirmed by fellow physicist Chien-Shiung Wu in 1957. Other significant contribution of Yang included development of Yang-Mills theory with Robert Mills that presently forms a major part of Standard Model in physics. His scientific contributions were recognised with several awards including ‘National Medal of Science’ (1986), ‘Benjamin Franklin Medal’ (1993) and ‘Albert Einstein Medal’ (1995) among many others.
Chen Ning Yang is a member of Scientists

Does Chen Ning Yang Dead or Alive?

As per our current Database, Chen Ning Yang is still alive (as per Wikipedia, Last update: May 10, 2020).

🎂 Chen Ning Yang - Age, Bio, Faces and Birthday

Currently, Chen Ning Yang is 100 years, 11 months and 28 days old. Chen Ning Yang will celebrate 101rd birthday on a Sunday 1st of October 2023. Below we countdown to Chen Ning Yang upcoming birthday.

Popular As Chen Ning Yang
Occupation Scientists
Age 100 years old
Zodiac Sign Scorpio
Born October 01, 1922 (Hefei, Anhui Province, China, United States)
Birthday October 01
Town/City Hefei, Anhui Province, China, United States
Nationality United States

🌙 Zodiac

Chen Ning Yang’s zodiac sign is Scorpio. According to astrologers, Scorpio-born are passionate and assertive people. They are determined and decisive, and will research until they find out the truth. Scorpio is a great leader, always aware of the situation and also features prominently in resourcefulness. Scorpio is a Water sign and lives to experience and express emotions. Although emotions are very important for Scorpio, they manifest them differently than other water signs. In any case, you can be sure that the Scorpio will keep your secrets, whatever they may be.

🌙 Chinese Zodiac Signs

Chen Ning Yang was born in the Year of the Dog. Those born under the Chinese Zodiac sign of the Dog are loyal, faithful, honest, distrustful, often guilty of telling white lies, temperamental, prone to mood swings, dogmatic, and sensitive. Dogs excel in business but have trouble finding mates. Compatible with Tiger or Horse.

Some Chen Ning Yang images



Yang was born in Hefei, Anhui, China; his father, Yang Wu-Chih (楊克纯; courtesy name: 武之) (1896–1973), was a Mathematician, and his mother, Luo Meng-hua (羅孟華), was a housewife. Yang attended elementary school and high school in Beijing, and in the autumn of 1937 his family moved to Hefei after the Japanese invaded China. In 1938 they moved to Kunming, Yunnan, where the National Southwestern Associated University, Lianda, was located. In the same year, as a second year student, Yang passed the entrance examination and studied at Lianda. He received his bachelor's degree in 1942, with his thesis on the application of group theory to molecular spectra, under the supervision of Ta-You Wu. He continued to study graduate courses there for two years under the supervision of Wang Zhuxi, working on statistical mechanics. In 1944 he received his master's degree from Tsinghua University, which had moved to Kunming during the Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945). Yang was then awarded a scholarship from the Boxer Indemnity Scholarship Program, set up by the United States government using part of the money China had been forced to pay following the Boxer Rebellion. His departure for the United States was delayed for one year, during which time he taught in a middle school as a Teacher and studied field theory.


From 1946, Yang studied with Edward Teller (1908–2003) at the University of Chicago, where he received his doctorate in 1948. He remained at the University of Chicago for a year as an assistant to Enrico Fermi. In 1949 he was invited to do his research at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey, where he began a period of fruitful collaboration with Tsung-Dao Lee. He was made a permanent member of the Institute in 1952, and full professor in 1955. In 1963, Princeton University Press published his textbook, Elementary Particles. In 1965 he moved to Stony Brook University, where he was named the Albert Einstein Professor of Physics and the first Director of the newly founded Institute for Theoretical Physics. Today this institute is known as the C. N. Yang Institute for Theoretical Physics.


Yang married Chih-li Tu (Chinese: 杜致禮; pinyin: Dù Zhìlǐ), a Teacher, in 1950 and has two sons and a daughter with her: Franklin Jr., Gilbert and Eulee. His father-in-law was a Kuomintang Army General Du Yuming who was taken POW at the end of Chinese civil war. First wife Tu died in the winter of 2003. Yang married then 28-year-old Weng Fan (Chinese: 翁帆; pinyin: Wēng Fān) in December 2004.


He has been elected a Fellow of the American Physical Society, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the Academia Sinica, the Russian Academy of Sciences, and the Royal Society. He was awarded honorary doctorate degrees by Princeton University (1958), Moscow State University (1992), and the Chinese University of Hong Kong (1997).


Yang visited the Chinese mainland in 1971 for the first time after the thaw in China–US relations, and has subsequently made great efforts to help the Chinese physics community rebuild the research atmosphere which was destroyed by the radical political movements during the Cultural Revolution. After retiring from Stony Brook he returned as an honorary Director of Tsinghua University, Beijing, where he is the Huang Jibei-Lu Kaiqun Professor at the Center for Advanced Study (CASTU). He also is one of the two Shaw Prize Founding Members and is a Distinguished Professor-at-Large at the Chinese University of Hong Kong.


He retired from Stony Brook University in 1999, assuming the title Emeritus Professor. In 2010, Stony Brook University honored Yang's contributions to the university by naming its newest dormitory building C. N. Yang Hall.


Yang became a U.S. citizen in 1964. He now resides in China, and he was granted permanent residency in China in 2004. He renounced his U.S. citizenship as of Sep 30, 2015 and became a citizen of China.

Chen Ning Yang trend