Charles Nicolle

About Charles Nicolle

Who is it?: Bacteriologist
Birth Day: September 21, 1866
Birth Place: Rouen, French
Alma mater: University of Paris
Known for: Epidemic typhus
Awards: Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (1928)
Fields: Bacteriology
Institutions: Pasteur Institute of Tunis

Charles Nicolle

Charles Nicolle was born on September 21, 1866 in Rouen, French, is Bacteriologist. Charles Jules Henry Nicolle was French bacteriologist who won the 1928 Nobel Prize in Medicine for his work on typhus. Born in Rouen, France, he studied medicine as his father wanted him to be a doctor. But soon after receiving his medical degree he was drawn to bacteriological research and within three years became head of the bacteriology laboratory at the Medical School of Rouen. Subsequently, he shifted to Tunisia to become Director of Pasteur Institute at Tunis. He turned the institute into a distinguished hub for bacteriological research and personally took up extensive research on different types of microbes. Among them, his research on epidemic typhus was most significant. He established that the vector of this disease, which killed thousands of people every winter, was none other than body louse and one can stay protected simply by getting rid of lice. After this de-lousing camps were regularly organized in Tunis. During the World War I, delousing stations were also established on Western Front, which helped to save thousands of lives. In addition, he had also worked on Malta fever, tick fever, cancer, scarlet fever, rinderpest, measles, influenza, tuberculosis, trachoma and had also discovered a new parasitic organism called Toxoplasma gondii.
Charles Nicolle is a member of Scientists

Does Charles Nicolle Dead or Alive?

As per our current Database, Charles Nicolle has been died on 28 February 1936 (1936-02-29) (aged 69)\nTunis, French Tunisia.

🎂 Charles Nicolle - Age, Bio, Faces and Birthday

When Charles Nicolle die, Charles Nicolle was 69 years old.

Popular As Charles Nicolle
Occupation Scientists
Age 69 years old
Zodiac Sign Libra
Born September 21, 1866 (Rouen, French)
Birthday September 21
Town/City Rouen, French
Nationality French

🌙 Zodiac

Charles Nicolle’s zodiac sign is Libra. According to astrologers, People born under the sign of Libra are peaceful, fair, and they hate being alone. Partnership is very important for them, as their mirror and someone giving them the ability to be the mirror themselves. These individuals are fascinated by balance and symmetry, they are in a constant chase for justice and equality, realizing through life that the only thing that should be truly important to themselves in their own inner core of personality. This is someone ready to do nearly anything to avoid conflict, keeping the peace whenever possible

🌙 Chinese Zodiac Signs

Charles Nicolle was born in the Year of the Tiger. Those born under the Chinese Zodiac sign of the Tiger are authoritative, self-possessed, have strong leadership qualities, are charming, ambitious, courageous, warm-hearted, highly seductive, moody, intense, and they’re ready to pounce at any time. Compatible with Horse or Dog.

Some Charles Nicolle images



He learned about biology early from his father Eugène Nicolle, a Doctor at a Rouen hospital. He was educated at the Lycée Pierre Corneille in Rouen. He received his M.D. in 1893 from the Pasteur Institute. At this point he returned to Rouen, as a member of the Medical Faculty until 1896 and then as Director of the Bacteriological Laboratory.


He married Alice Avice in 1895, and had two children, Marcelle (b. 1896) and Pierre (b. 1898).


In 1903 Nicolle became Director of the Pasteur Institute in Tunis, where he did his Nobel Prize-winning work on typhus, bringing Hélène Sparrow with him as laboratory chief. He was still Director of the Institute when he died in 1936. He was a key researcher in discovering a deadly organism, Toxoplasma.


In June 1909 Nicolle tested his theory by infecting a chimpanzee with typhus, retrieving the lice from it, and placing it on a healthy chimpanzee. Within 10 days the second chimpanzee had typhus as well. After repeating his experiment he was sure of it: lice were the carriers.


He did not succeed in his effort to develop a practical vaccine. The next step would be taken by Rudolf Weigl in 1930.

Charles Nicolle trend