Alfred Kastler

About Alfred Kastler

Who is it?: Physicist
Birth Day: May 03, 1902
Birth Place: Guebwiller, Alsace, German Empire, French
Alma mater: École Normale Supérieure, University of Paris
Known for: Optical pumping technique
Awards: Holweck Prize (1954), CNRS Gold medal (1964), Nobel Prize for Physics (1966)
Fields: physics
Doctoral advisor: Pierre Daure (fr)
Doctoral students: Claude Cohen Tannoudji

Alfred Kastler

Alfred Kastler was born on May 03, 1902 in Guebwiller, Alsace, German Empire, French, is Physicist. Alfred Kastler was a French physicist who was awarded the ‘Nobel Prize in Physics’ in 1966 for discovering and developing optical procedures to study Hertizian resonances in atoms. His areas of research in collaboration with another French physicist Jean Brossel included quantum mechanics, spectroscopy and interaction between atoms and light. He examined the different radiations that emit by exciting atoms with radio waves and light. He went on to work on the combo of magnetic resonance and optical resonance to develop the procedure of optical pumping, a procedure where atoms are stimulated in a specific substance in a way that they achieve greater states of energy. As the light energy applied in stimulating the atoms is re-emitted, the optical pumping system evolved as a significant step in advancing the development of the theory of lasers and masers. His long investigations on atomic spectra helped in the commencement of a new field of nuclear magnetic resonance. He served as an academician at the ‘Blaise Pascal University’, ‘University of Bordeaux’, ‘University of Louvain’ and ‘École Normale Supérieure’. He remained Director of Research of the ‘National Centre of Scientific Research’ of France. He was active in peace movements, advocated for establishing Israel, opposed the rapid generation of nuclear weapons and voiced out his opinion against participation of America in the Vietnam War. He received Knighthood (1952), the French Legion of Honor Commander (1957) and Wilhelm Exner Medal (1979) among other awards and achievements.
Alfred Kastler is a member of Scientists

Does Alfred Kastler Dead or Alive?

As per our current Database, Alfred Kastler has been died on 7 January 1984 (aged 81)\nBandol, France.

🎂 Alfred Kastler - Age, Bio, Faces and Birthday

When Alfred Kastler die, Alfred Kastler was 81 years old.

Popular As Alfred Kastler
Occupation Scientists
Age 81 years old
Zodiac Sign Gemini
Born May 03, 1902 (Guebwiller, Alsace, German Empire, French)
Birthday May 03
Town/City Guebwiller, Alsace, German Empire, French
Nationality French

🌙 Zodiac

Alfred Kastler’s zodiac sign is Gemini. According to astrologers, Gemini is expressive and quick-witted, it represents two different personalities in one and you will never be sure which one you will face. They are sociable, communicative and ready for fun, with a tendency to suddenly get serious, thoughtful and restless. They are fascinated with the world itself, extremely curious, with a constant feeling that there is not enough time to experience everything they want to see.

🌙 Chinese Zodiac Signs

Alfred Kastler was born in the Year of the Tiger. Those born under the Chinese Zodiac sign of the Tiger are authoritative, self-possessed, have strong leadership qualities, are charming, ambitious, courageous, warm-hearted, highly seductive, moody, intense, and they’re ready to pounce at any time. Compatible with Horse or Dog.

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Kastler was born in Guebwiller (Alsace, German Empire) and later attended the Lycée Bartholdi in Colmar, Alsace, and École Normale Supérieure in Paris in 1921. After his studies, in 1926 he began teaching physics at the Lycée of Mulhouse, and then taught at the University of Bordeaux, where he was a university professor until 1941. Georges Bruhat asked him to come back to the École Normale Supérieure, where he finally obtained a chair in 1952.


He won the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1966 "for the discovery and development of optical methods for studying Hertzian resonances in atoms".


Kastler also wrote poetry (in German). In 1971 he published Europe, ma patrie: Deutsche Lieder eines französischen Europäers (i.e. Europe, my fatherland: German songs of a French European).


In 1978 he became foreign member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences.


In 1979, Kastler was awarded the Wilhelm Exner Medal.


Professor Kastler died on 7 January 1984, in Bandol, France.


Over the forty years that followed, this group has trained many of young physicists and had a significant impact on the development of the science of atomic physics in France. The Laboratoire de Spectroscopie hertzienne has then been renamed Laboratoire Kastler-Brossel in 1994 and has got a part of its laboratory in Université Pierre et Marie Curie mainly at the École Normale Supérieure.

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