Abraham Flexner

About Abraham Flexner

Who is it?: Educator
Birth Day: November 13, 1866
Birth Place: Louisville, United States
Alma mater: Johns Hopkins University
Known for: Flexner Report
Fields: Higher education Medical education
Institutions: Johns Hopkins University Rockefeller Institute University of Berlin Harvard University Institute for Advanced Study

Abraham Flexner

Abraham Flexner was born on November 13, 1866 in Louisville, United States, is Educator. Abraham Flexner is one of the few individuals who revolutionized education and medical sciences in the modern world. Since a very young age, Flexner believed that good education is the key to a better society. Flexner realized the flaws in the American education system, and started a school at the age of nineteen. He felt that any educational institution would be ideal if they had fewer pupils in each class, and more individual attention towards each of them. He implemented these ideas in his own institution first, which was a different approach compared to the ones followed by most schools those days. He even raised his voice against the unorganized functioning of universities through his books. All of his literary works have been considered great eye-openers by the American society, be it their opinions on the education system or the field of medical science. Flexner was also an angel who rushed to the aid of many European scientists who suffered under the Nazi rule. These scientists were given an opportunity to work with Flexner at the ‘Institute for Advanced Study’, which the latter had co-founded. Flexner’s life and thoughts have been a great source of inspiration for many contemporary celebrities.
Abraham Flexner is a member of Miscellaneous

Does Abraham Flexner Dead or Alive?

As per our current Database, Abraham Flexner has been died on September 21, 1959(1959-09-21) (aged 92)\nFalls Church, Virginia.

🎂 Abraham Flexner - Age, Bio, Faces and Birthday

When Abraham Flexner die, Abraham Flexner was 92 years old.

Popular As Abraham Flexner
Occupation Miscellaneous
Age 92 years old
Zodiac Sign Sagittarius
Born November 13, 1866 (Louisville, United States)
Birthday November 13
Town/City Louisville, United States
Nationality United States

🌙 Zodiac

Abraham Flexner’s zodiac sign is Sagittarius. According to astrologers, Sagittarius is curious and energetic, it is one of the biggest travelers among all zodiac signs. Their open mind and philosophical view motivates them to wander around the world in search of the meaning of life. Sagittarius is extrovert, optimistic and enthusiastic, and likes changes. Sagittarius-born are able to transform their thoughts into concrete actions and they will do anything to achieve their goals.

🌙 Chinese Zodiac Signs

Abraham Flexner was born in the Year of the Tiger. Those born under the Chinese Zodiac sign of the Tiger are authoritative, self-possessed, have strong leadership qualities, are charming, ambitious, courageous, warm-hearted, highly seductive, moody, intense, and they’re ready to pounce at any time. Compatible with Horse or Dog.

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Famous Quotes:

The practice of the Negro doctor will be limited to his own race, which in its turn will be cared for better by good Negro physicians than by poor white ones. But the physical well-being of the Negro is not only of moment to the Negro himself. Ten million of them live in close contact with sixty million whites. Not only does the Negro himself suffer from hookworm and tuberculosis; he communicates them to his white neighbors, precisely as the ignorant and unfortunate white contaminates him. Self-protection not less than humanity offers weighty counsel in this matter; self-interest seconds philanthropy. The Negro must be educated not only for his sake, but for ours. He is, as far as the human eye can see, a permanent factor in the nation.



Flexner was born in Louisville, Kentucky on November 13, 1866. He was the sixth of nine children born to German Jewish immigrants, Ester and Moritz Flexner. He was the first in his family to complete high school and go on to college. In 1886, at age 19, Flexner completed a Bachelor of Arts in classics at Johns Hopkins University, where he studied for only two years. In 1905, he pursued graduate studies in psychology at Harvard University, and at the University of Berlin. He did not, however, complete work on an advanced degree at either institution.


In 1896, Flexner married a former student of his school, Anne Laziere Crawford. She was a Teacher who soon became a successful Playwright and children's author. The success of her play Mrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch (based on the 1901 novel) funded Flexner's studies at Harvard and his year abroad at European universities. The couple had two daughters Jean and Eleanor. Jean went on to become one of the original employees of the United States Division of Labor Standards. Eleanor Flexner became an independent scholar and pioneer of women's studies.


The success of Abraham Flexner's experimental schooling allowed him to help Finance Simon Flexner's medical education at Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. He proceeded to become a pathologist, bacteriologist and a medical researcher employed by the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research from 1901 to 1935.


His book attracted the attention of Henry Pritchett, President of the Carnegie Foundation, who was looking for someone to lead a series of studies of professional education. The book consistently cited Pritchett in discussions of views on educational reform, and the two soon arranged to meet through the then-president of Johns Hopkins University, Ira Remsen. Although Flexner had never set foot inside a medical school, he was Pritchett's first choice to lead a study of American medical education, and soon joined the research staff at the Carnegie Foundation in 1908. Although not a physician himself, Flexner was selected by Pritchett for his writing ability and his disdain for traditional education.


In 1910, Flexner published the Flexner Report, which examined the state of American medical education and led to far-reaching reform in the training of doctors. The Flexner Report led to the closure of most rural medical schools and all but two African-American medical colleges in the United States, given his adherence to germ theory, in which he argued that if not properly trained and treated, African-Americans and the poor posed a health threat to middle/upper class whites. His position was:


Between 1912 and 1925, Flexner served on the Rockefeller Foundation's General Education Board, and after 1917 was its secretary. With the help of the board, he founded another experimental school, the Lincoln School, which opened in 1917, in cooperation with the faculty at Teachers College of Columbia University.


In his 1930 Universities: American, English, German, Flexner returned to his earlier interest in the direction and purpose of the American university, attacking distractions from serious learning, such as intercollegiate athletics, student government, and other student activities.


During his time there, Flexner helped bring over many European Scientists who would likely have suffered persecution by the rising Nazi government. This included Albert Einstein, who arrived at the Institute in 1933 under Flexner's directorship.


Flexner died in Falls Church, Virginia, in 1959 at 92 years of age. He was buried in Cave Hill Cemetery in Louisville, Kentucky.


Flexner soon conducted a related study of medical education in Europe. According to Bonner (2002), Flexner's work came to be "nearly as well known in Europe as in America." With funding from the Rockefeller Foundation, Flexner "...exerted a decisive influence on the course of medical training and left an enduring mark on some of the nation's most renowned schools of Medicine." Bonner worried that "the imposition of rigid standards by accrediting groups was making the medical curriculum a monstrosity," with medical students moving through it with "little time to stop, read, work or think." Bonner (2002) calls Flexner "the severest critic and the best friend American Medicine ever had."

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